The Policy Agenda for the Xi Jinping Administration
- COVID-19 Countermeasures and China's International Relations -
Professor, The University of Tokyo
1. Xi Jinping Tackling the Issues of Maintaining His Administration and Extending His Terms of Office
The spread of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) poses a serious question to the world. Some say that the corona pandemic marks a turning point in time. Others say that it is a problem that we encountered before and are meeting again, or that it has just reappeared on a larger scale. The present author agrees with the latter thinking.
When looking at the transformation and continuity of international relations before and after the outbreak of COVID-19 infection, the topics we should discuss may include the differences in regimes between liberal democracy and authoritarianism, the future of the Bretton-Woods system in a broad sense, and the consequences of the US-China confrontation, or the so-called decoupling between the United States and China.
Viewed from the Chinese perspective, however, none of the following issues may be recognized as its ultimate policy agenda --- the inter-regime competition, the expansion of Chinese models in the world, the competition for hegemony with the United States, and the decoupling. It is of overriding importance for the Xi Jinping administration to stabilize and advance the rule of the CPC, as is seen from the fact that it emphasizes the deepening of the CPC's rule while engaging the prevention of COVID-19 infection and the economic recovery, at the time of recovery from the corona crisis. For the Xi Jinping administration, the 2022 issue of "the change or continuation of the administration" is also crucial. The constitutional amendment in spring 2018 made it possible to extend Xi's term as President of the PRC. Will Xi Jinping extend it? Will he also prolong his term of office as General Secretary of the CPC? 1 Another issue is how to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the CPC in July 2021.
The corona pandemic resulted in damage to the current CPC administration. It is the primary task of the Xi Jinping administration to stabilize and strengthen the administration while recovering from the corona damage. Staving off criticism against the status quo and its response to COVID-19, the Xi administration has worked on the recovery of the Chinese economy that underpins the legitimacy of the CPC. However, given the damage that public investment following the Lehman shock caused to the Chinese economy, it is not easy not to follow this bad precedent. 2 Under such circumstances, the top political agenda of the Xi administration will probably be stability and progress in domestic governance and the continuation of the present administration rather than China's hegemony in the world or the proper management of the US-China relations. Consequently, the US-China relationship and other international relations will depend more on China's domestic politics. The Xi administration will eliminate obstacles to the implementation of its top priority agenda and will use whatever means can be used to that end. Xi Jinping visited Jilin Province in July 2020 and inspected agricultural farms. China's food self-sufficiency may be one of his chief concerns in light of the possible prolongation of the US-China confrontation. 3
There is a logical possibility that Xi Jinping does not want to extend his term of office. The Xi administration, however, does not change its policies and political approaches it adopted before the corona pandemic, but rather strengthens them. Xi Jinping has not yet designated his successor. There is an argument that he will not nominate a successor because he fears becoming a lame duck. It is unlikely that he is making preparations for a transfer of power in 2022. Even if a transfer of power is considered as an option, the Xi administration seems to attach primary importance to demonstrating the possibility of its continuation both at home and to the rest of the world. Despite its efforts to promote economic development and technological innovation, it may be far from easy for the Xi administration to strengthen its base and achieve its continuation while maintaining the CPC's one-party dictatorship.
2. Political Damage and Recovery
The initial response of the governments of Hubei Province and Wuhan City to the spread of the COVID-19 infection from the end of 2019 and the subsequent response of the central government were all apparent political blunders. As a massive public backlash spread through social media against the Wuhan government's punishment of Dr. Li Wenliang for whistleblowing, the central government finally posthumously acknowledged the contribution made by Dr. Li. The social media in China has proved that it has a function of "formal objection." However, after a group of medical experts were dispatched to Wuhan from Beijing in mid-January and the central government began to launch a full-fledged response, information control was further tightened, and intellectuals who criticized the central and local governments on the net were detained.
The lockdown of Wuhan City lasted 75 days. During this period, the CPC monitored the behavior of citizens by using social grassroot residents' committees or former work units. At a residents' committee, under the leadership of the "cadres" or CPC members, instructions from Beijing were strictly obeyed by the committee members, and a mutual vigilance system was established. Similar measures were taken by universities as "units" under the leadership of the unit party committee. Furthermore, the militia was also mobilized to block the city. Li Keqiang's work report of the central government mentioned such "activities" of the grassroots cadres and the militia. These suggest that the CPC's "traditional" way of mobilization and management worked well. However, such a situation is capable of giving rise to possibility of various "transactions" between the grassroots cadres and the CPC or central government organizations. It has not been fully verified whether such "rewards" were actually offered and were received or what those "rewards" were. The same is true for the militia.
Needless to say, besides these "traditional" methods, the central government extensively utilized digital communication technologies to collect big data from mobile devices to monitor the movement of people, and to undertake logistics management and the collection of personal information. Together with the above "traditional" methods, these innovative technologies helped to visualize the governing and mobilizing capabilities of the communist government. On the other hand, these efforts by the central government in social management and control may have made visible the domains that are beyond government control. In particular, rural areas distant from cities as well as poverty-stricken areas may have come to be acknowledged to have problems of not only economic development but also of governance. The necessity of strengthening governance in rural areas came to the government's attention earlier than the spread of COVID-19. The significance of the problem is now all the more recognized. 4
With these series of measures, the CPC administration succeeded in preventing the outbreak of COVID-19 infection sooner than expected. Some believe that this is what is only possible under an authoritarian regime. Others are concerned that China may try to propagate in the world a Chinese model of controlling COVID-19. Some developing countries or other countries that have an affinity with authoritarian regimes may want to study the Chinese model, but China cannot afford to publicize and spread it.
The Xi Jinping administration announced the termination of the lockdown in Wuhan and projected the image of "recovery," promoting propaganda that the measures taken by the CPC were appropriate and that the Chinese people should unite to fight COVID-19. It was in April that China declared that it would hold the National People's Congress in May, a "symbol of recovery." It is questionable if the Chinese people believed in this "recovery," but until April, China lifted lockdowns, and daily life gradually began returning to normalcy to some extent.
The PLA was engaged in border blockade operations and more aggressive action in the surrounding waters; it was also busy with natural disaster relief this summer. Amid the outbreak of COVID-19 infection, the automation or full-automation of society and the economy progressed. This trend was favorable to the PLA that emphasizes intelligent war and attempts to promote military-civil fusion. The Xi Jinping administration's commitment of science and technology to a national legitimacy will further enhance the PLA's efforts in intelligence warfare.
3. Hong Kong Problem
From the viewpoint of the Xi Jinping administration, the problems of Hong Kong and Taiwan belong to utterly different domains. Hong Kong is subject to governance under the "one country, two systems" framework. Taiwan is an area under the effective control of the ROC government. The status of Hong Kong has been defined externally by the Sino-British Joint Declaration and internally by the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The right to interpret the Basic Law is stipulated to belong to the National People's Congress. In the elections for the Legislative Council of Hong Kong, it was quite hard for democratic groups to win a majority regardless of whatever efforts they made. Thus, the suppressed democratization movement in Hong Kong had no alternative but to ultimately resort to "violence."
At the time of the return of Hong Kong to Chinese sovereignty in 1997, its economy may have been attractive to mainland China, both in terms of its scale and its nature. But regarding its scale, the Hong Kong economy has now become less attractive to China that has now become the world's second-largest economy. Of course, Hong Kong's function as an international financial center cannot be fulfilled by Shanghai or other Chinese cities. The premise of such a function performed by Hong Kong is considered to have been freedom in Hong Kong society and its judicial system. For the mainlanders who attached great importance to economic development, it was necessary to maintain the status quo of Hong Kong, which constituted a transit point for foreign investment in China, as long as the Chinese economy continuously needs foreign direct investment. It was from the second half of the Hu Jintao administration era that in addition to economic development in China, sovereignty and safety came to be deemed to be significant. The Xi Jinping administration prioritizes "national security" over economic development. This attitude has something in common with its above-mentioned attitude of regarding the maintenance of the CPC dictatorship as an overriding concern. Also, during the spread of COVID-19 infection, China is attempting to promote "economic nationalization." China still emphasizes direct investment from foreign countries, but "economic nationalization" is given a higher priority.
The PRC leadership may look upon Hong Kong as a vulnerable point in the "national security" of China as a whole. If the US Congress adopts the Hong Kong-related bills, China may think that the United States is about to interfere in Hong Kong. The assessment that Hong Kong is not as economically attractive as it used to be may have helped the PRC leadership to deliberate and to adopt the "Law of the People's Republic of China on Safeguarding National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region." Needless to say, there may have been many doubts and debates about the law, but they reached a political decision to formulate and adopt it.
Despite the enactment of the recent law, however, Hong Kong's economic and financial roles will not vanish and are not anticipated to do so. Hong Kongers cannot welcome or accept this kind of change at all. Nevertheless, Hong Kong, which once functioned as a base or a valve for the flow of funds from developed countries to China and its surrounding areas, may continue serving as a base or a valve to help China money and Chinese corporations to enter into the surrounding areas and overseas. At present, Hong Kong stocks are rising, and money is flowing in. This may be the result of the Chinese government's "artifices." But the flow of new China money to Hong Kong is discernible. Many foreign corporations are worried about the current situation, but few have left.
For the Chinese government, the US reaction against the Hong Kong problem seems to have been greater than expected, and the reaction of Hong Kong society was also unexpected. The postponement of the legislative elections scheduled for September may illustrate the Chinese government's sense of crisis.
4. Economic Damage and Recovery
The Chinese economy was severely damaged by the spread of COVID-19 infection, and the Chinese government is making efforts to expedite recovery. Meanwhile, the World Bank estimates China's economic growth rate for fiscal 2020 at one percent, 5 predicting its time of recovery to be faster than any other economy. However, the downturn in China's macro consumption was seen as early as in 2018 and 2019, which was followed by the US-China trade friction and the corona crisis. The spread of COVID-19 infection has, in a sense, promoted automation and gave rise to such new developments as the activation of new industrial fields, the prevalence of online business, and its expansion into rural areas. However, if the economy recovers, the overall downward trend of economic growth seems to continue.
Chinese trade with developed countries invites more concern. There is also apprehension about the progress of so-called decoupling in specific fields such as leading-edge industries. There are apparent moves in various areas to decrease relations with China. Many countries are advancing the domestic production of medical products including masks; simultaneously, corporations of those countries are considering withdrawal from China. Although China emphasizes that her trade with ASEAN and Russia is strong despite the outbreak of COVID-19 infection, this means on the other hand that her trade with other regions is decreasing. Hereafter, China must recover the movement of people and goods with, among others, developed countries. As will be explained later, China is trying to promote the nationalization of leading-edge industries such as semiconductor manufacturing. China has so far been promoting the nationalization of major industries, but in the face of the US's decoupling policy, China is working on the nationalization of leading-edge industries in response to this. However, the Chinese economy is still in need of foreign direct investment, and it is difficult to consume domestic products by domestic demand alone. Currently, China is in the process of "normalizing" traffic with countries and areas where the coronavirus infection has subsided. In doing so, China is coercing consent from those countries for the "Law on Safeguarding National Security in Hong Kong" and on other Chinese policy measures associated with the US-China confrontation. 6
Meanwhile, along with the trade war with the United States over tariffs and intellectual property, the US-China decoupling in the semiconductor industry is also a heavy burden for China. In particular, Chinese corporations, including Huawei, may have great concern about the possible suspension of their transactions with the Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd. (TSMC), whose US-bound investment will go hand in hand with its split with Chinese companies. Although it may not be impossible for some Chinese companies or for Samsung to manufacture substitutes for TSMC products, the quality of the former will be definitely inferior, which is likely to place a handicap on Chinese corporations. Currently, Huawei is purchasing from TSMC a tremendous volume of semiconductor chips and is increasing its stockpiles, but, in the long term, the company will have to manufacture the chips by itself or procure them from other sources.
China's decoupling from the United States in terms of the hardware side of the information and communication infrastructure (submarine cables, GPS service by the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System, etc.) continues regardless of COVID-19 infection. It is the same with the social implementation of 5G. While promoting decoupling from the United States in information and communication technology, China maintains an advantage in leading-edge industries and is trying to overcome economic and social problems at home associated with population growth. It is still unclear how these issues can be overcome. It is a huge stumbling block for the Xi Jinping administration.
5. "Restoration" of China's International Fame?
As evident from the above, the Chinese government places priorities asymmetrically on domestic affairs and on the economy rather than on diplomatic efforts. It may be understandable, therefore, that its foreign policy appears all the more "unskillful." Policies and propaganda are to further strengthen the rule of the CPC and the domestic advancement of the Xi Jinping regime. Officials from the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs responsible for foreign policy are required to behave in line with the domestic rules. The remarks of spokespersons of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Chinese ambassadors stationed overseas should be understood from this viewpoint. 7 The supervision of the CPC has been strengthened toward MOFA officials and diplomats.
The so-called mask diplomacy also evolved under the strong supervision of the CPC leadership. At the time of the outbreak of COVID-19 infection, the Chinese public was informed that countries around the world were supporting China. When the spread of the infection slowed down, a narrative was fabricated and disseminated that China had extended a helping hand to many countries in the world, and that they were appreciating the support of China and were thanking China. This crude propaganda turned into an external policy. However, such a policy did not gain support from the international community. Not only in the United States and Australia but also in Northern Europe, people voiced criticism against, among other things, China's harsh power. In Africa as well, Nigerian doctors rejected the dispatch of a Chinese medical team to the country; in Zambia, a wave of criticism rose against Chinese companies. In addition, African countries criticized China for the inhuman nature of its COVID-19 quarantine measures adopted for African communities in Guangzhou. These events represent a global assessment of China's mask diplomacy and of its inflexible foreign policy. In the meantime, the policies of the United States and other developed countries are not necessarily working well; pro-Chinese countries like Serbia, Italy, Ethiopia, and Laos welcome and appreciate the support from China. For countries and regions where no support comes from international organizations or from developed countries except China, support from China is of vital importance.
At present, Chinese foreign policies do not fare well, because the Chinese government is overly prioritizing domestic issues. The US-China confrontation will likely continue for a long time. How will developing countries in the world perceive China in the future? How will developed countries other than the United States and China, regional powers, and emerging countries respond to changes in the world order? In accordance with the answers to be given to these questions, the positions of the United States and China will also change.
6. Japan's Position
Japan's position is becoming more and more difficult as the US-China confrontation becomes acute amid the outbreak of the COVID-19 infection. First, Japan and many neighboring countries are alike in facing China in a difficult situation. China's assertive behavior seen around the Senkaku Islands is one thing. Yet, the economic importance for Japan of the Chinese market and the supply chains with China is another issue. Japan faces a problem of how to strike a balance between territorial and security issues and economic activities. What is worrisome here is that since science and technology are concomitant with both security and the economy, the conventional simple division between politics and the economy is no longer valid. Some developed countries that were in the same position as Japan before the corona pandemic have intensified criticism of China during the outbreak of COVID-19 and have shifted to a decoupling with China. Countries in a position similar to Japan's have now decreased in number only to find Germany and some others.
Second, in terms of the world economic framework, the United States is adopting a relatively isolationist policy, while Japan supports a free and open trade order, and in this respect (at least at the language level), its policy is in tune with China's. Needless to reiterate, Japan depends on the United States for security; the Japan-US alliance is the core of its national defense, but the economy is another thing. Japan must make its own judgment whether it should work on China to serve as a guardian of the existing order through third-country cooperation by utilizing the consensus over free trade between Japan and China.
Third, in East Asia, the Taiwan issue will grow in importance along with the Korean Peninsula issue. How should Japan deal with it? The United States is reinforcing its engagement in Taiwan by the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act and the Taiwan Travel Act. Currently, these Taiwan-related measures by the United States are within the frameworks of "one Taiwan policy" and the Taiwan-related acts. But the future Taiwan policy of the United States is unpredictable, as is the Chinese response. East Asia is a space where China is a major actor, and, therefore, it is influenced most strongly by China. How should we stabilize the region? --- This is also an issue hard to handle.
Fourth, how should Japan deal with Xi Jinping's postponed visit to the country? Although Japan and the international community's public opinion of China is becoming more negative, the Chinese economy and Chinese tourists will grow in significance for Japan, given the recovery of the Japanese economy to its pre-corona state. It is a difficult problem for the Abe administration to handle, whose approval ratings are declining.
It is not easy to "solve" these difficult problems while associating them with each other. To that end, it will be necessary to have a clear sense of national interests and to address these problems in accordance with priorities --- with desirable images of China, Japan-China relations, and Japan-US relations in mind.
December 2022, Proposal "Defending Our Country – Defense Policy in a New Cold War Era" was announced
- Front Cover
- Changes in the Security Environment Surrounding Japan - Shifting Power Balance and the Three Front Threats Ken Jimbo
- How Will "Japan Contingencies" Emerge? Osamu Onoda
- The Japan-US Alliance Revisited: Is it Dependable? Chikako Kawakatsu Ueki
- A New Phase of Defense Diplomacy and Defense Production and Technology Base Ippeita Nishida, Tsuneo Watanabe
- Intelligence Activities in the Post-Ukraine War Era Jun Nagashima
- Responding to the Nuclear Threat Masashi Murano
- No Time to Lose for Improving Japan's Defense Capabilities - Can the JSDF Defend the Homeland? - Ryoichi Oriki
- Toward the Formulation of a New "National Security Strategy" Hideshi Tokuchi
- October 2022, "Japan-China Relations under the Long-term Administration of Xi Jinping: Current Status, Prospects, and Expectations" written by Kazuyuki Suwa, Professor, University of Shizuoka
- October 2022, "China's Policy on the Global South --- China's World View and the Configuration of the US-China Confrontation " written by Shin Kawashima, Professor, the University of Tokyo
- October 2022, "Military Strategy of Xi Jinping's China" written by Bonji Ohara, Senior Fellow, Sasagawa Peace Foundation
- September 2022, " Social Governance by the Communist Party of China: The Present State and the Future Prospects " written by Kazuko Kojima, Professor, Keio University
- September 2022, "The Relationship between Domestic Politics and Diplomacy under the Xi Jinping Administration- Why Were the Large-Scale Military Exercises Decided?" written by Chisako T. Masuo, Professor, Kyushu University
- September 2022, "Xi Jinping's China--- Prospects for Its Climate Change Policy ---" written by Takashi Sekiyama, Associate Professor, The University of Kyoto
- August 2022, " Current Assessment of the Xi Jinping's Rule and Prospects for the Third Term of the Xi Administration " written by Takashi Suzuki, Associate Professor, Aichi Prefectural University
- August 2022, " Economic Challenges Awaiting the Xi Jinping Administration As it Enters its Third Term" written by Toshiya Tsugami, Director, Tsugami Toshiya's Works
- July 2022, "The Russian Invasion of Ukraine and the Future International Legal Order" written by Masahiro Kurosaki, Associate Professor, National Defense Academy
- July 2022, "The Ukraine War and Security in East Asia" written by Narushige Michishita, Vice President, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies
- July 2022, "How Will the Ukraine War Change the New US-China Cold War?" written by Yasuhiro Matsuda, Professor, the University of Tokyo
- July 2022, "Impact of the Ukraine War on the Global Economy" written by Tatsuhiko Yoshizaki, Chief Economist, Sojitz Research Institute, Ltd.
- June 2022, "Why War Occurs in Europe?--The Structural Transformation of the European Security Order in the Post-Cold War Era --" written by Yuichi Hosoya, Professor, Keio University
- June 2022,"The Russia-Ukrainian War and the Behind-the-Scenes Stance of the United States" "On Economic Security" written by Tsuneo Watanabe, Senior Fellow, Sasakawa Peace Foundation
- June 2022, "The Russia-Ukraine War and NATO", written by Michito Tsuruoka, Associate Professor, Keio University
- June 2022, "The Ukrainian War Viewed from Theories of International Politics" written by Matake Kamiya, Professor, National Defens Academy
- March 2022, "Economic Security Challenges and Cyber Security" written by Jun Osawa, Senior Research Fellow, Nakasone Peace Institute
- March 2022, "On Economic Security" written by Matake Kamiya, Professor, the Ntional Defense Academy
- March 2022, ""Economic Security" and the Review of the 2013 NSS and the Related Strategy Documents" written by Nobushige Takamizawa, Visiting Professor, the University of Tokyo
- March 2022, "The US-China Rivalry and Economic Security" written by Yuzo Murayama, Professor, Doshisya University
- March 2022, "Japan's National Security Policies and Science and Technology" written by Nobukatsu Kanehara, Professor, Doshisya University
- March 2022, "Economic Security in the Free Trade Regime" written by Kazuto Suzuki, Professor, the University of Tokyo
- January 2022, "The 2022 South Korean Presidential Election and the Next Administration's Foreign and Security Policy" written by Junya Nishino, Professor, Keio University
- January 2022, "North Korea's Nuclear and Missile Development and Japan's Defense" written by Hideshi Tokuchi, Senior Fellow, GRIPS
- January 2022, "What will Become of Japan-South Korea Relations? The 1965 Japan-South Korea Treaty System in Jeopardy" written by Masao Okonogi, Professor Emeritus, Keio University
- December 2021, "Economic and Social Conditions in North Korea and its Relations with South Korea" written by Mitsuhiro Mimura, Chief Research Fellow, The Economic Research Institute for Northeast Asia.
- December 2021, "China's Korean Peninsula Policy and North Korea" written by Shin Kawashima, Professor, the University of Tokyo.
- December 2021, "China's Korean Peninsula Policy and North Korea" written by Shunji Hiraiwa, Professor, Nanzan University.
- December 2021, "What to Do with the Relations with North Korea?" written by Hitoshi Tanaka, Chairman for Institute for International Strategy at the Japan Research Institute.
- October 2021, "Strategic Implications of North Korea's Enhanced Nuclear and Missile Capabilities" written by Narushige Michishita, Vice President, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies.
- October 2021, "The Biden Administration's North Korea Policy: Its Low Priority and Looming Crises" written by Tsuneo Watanabe, Senior Fellow, Sasakawa Peace Foundation.
- October 2021, "The Evolution of the US-ROK Alliance: Tasks in the Biden Era" written by Yasuyo Sakata, Professor, Kanda University of International Studies.
- September 2021, "The Development of Regional Security Architecture: From Asia-Pacific to Indo-Pacific" written by Ken Jimbo, Professor, Keio University.
- September 2021, "The Strategic Development of Japanese Security Cooperation under Superpower Competition and the Development of the FOIP and its Operationalization" written by Nobushige Takamizawa, Visiting Professor, Graduate School of Public Policy, The University of Tokyo.
- August 2021, "Security Perceptions of Central Asian Countries--- From the Perspective of China Studies ---" written by Shin Kawashima, Professor, the University of Tokyo.
- August 2021, "Security in the Indian Ocean Region---Implication of the Galwan Incident for QUAD in the Indo-Pacific" written by Dr. Satoru Nagao, Fellow (Non-Resident), Hudson Institute.
- August 2021, "Easternization and Security in Asia" written by Tsuneo Watanabe, Senior Fellow, Sasakawa Peace Foundation.
- July 2021, "The Ideas of "Autonomy" and "Self-Reliance" in Contemporary India's Foreign Strategy" written by Kazutoshi TAMARI, Associate Professor,Chukyo University.
- July 2021, "Thailand's Security Policies and Threat Perceptions" written by Saya Kiba, Associate Professor, Komatsu University, Faculty of Intercultural Communication.
- July 2021, "Myanmar's Security Perceptions and the February 1 Coup d'Etat" written by Yoshihiro Nakanishi, Associate Professor, Kyoto University.
- July 2021, "Australia's Security Perceptions and the "Asia Threat"" written byTomohiko Satake, Senior Fellow, Defense Policy Division, Policy Studies Department, NIDS .
- June 2021, "The Indo-Pacific Regional Architecture: Its Future--- Multipolar Order Beyond US-China Relations ---" by Tsutomu Kikuchi, Professor, Aoyama Gakuin University
- June 2021, "The Quad Plus in the Security of Asia: Its Significance and Outlook" by Hideshi Tokuchi, Senior Fellow, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies
- June 2021, "Indonesian Views and Perceptions on National Security" by Nobuhiro Aizawa, Associate Professor, The Graduate School of Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu University
- June 2021, "Normalized Tensions in the Cross-Strait Relations--- Structural Changes in Taiwanese Society and the Xi Jinping Administration's Strategic Shift ---" by Yasuhiro Matsuda, Professor, The University of Tokyo
- June 2021, "China's Maritime Strategy and Responses of the United States and Japan" by Yoji Koda, Former Commander in Chief, Self Defense Fleet
- June 2021, "The South China Issues from the Perspective of the International Law Order",by Shigeki Sakamoto, Emeritus Professor, Kobe University
- May 2021, "Indonesian Views and Perceptions on National Security" by Nobuhiro Aizawa, Associate Professor, Kyushu University
- May, 2021, "The Philippine Foreign and Security Policy Perspective" written by Yusuke Takagi Associate Professor,National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies.
- May, 2021, "Vietnam's Security: Challenges and Responses" written by Tomotaka Shoji Head, Asia and Africa Division, Regional Studies Department, National Institute for Defense Studies
- March, 2021, "Can the Biden Administration Restore America as a Global Leader?" written by Matake Kamiya, Professor, the National Defense Academy of Japan.
- March, 2021, "The Biden Administration and Japan's Security Strategy" written by Hideshi Tokuchi, Senior Fellow, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies.
- February,2021, "US Foreign and Security Policy Direction Viewed from the Biden Administration's Lineup" written by Tsuneo Watanabe, Senior Fellow, Sasakawa Peace Foundation
- February,2021, "Trade Policies of the Biden Administration" written by Takaaki Asano, Senior Analyst, Sumitomo Corporation Global Research Co. Ltd.
- February,2021, "The Biden Administration's Policy toward Russia" written by Taisuke Abiru, Senior Fellow, Sasakawa Peace Foundation
- January,2021, "Will US Policy Toward China Change?" lectured by Ryo Sahashi, Associate Professor, the University of Tokyo
- January,2021, "How will China View the Biden Administration?" written by Bonji Ohara, Senior Fellow, Sasakawa Peace Foundation
- January,2021, "An Assessment of the 2020 US Presidential Election－American Democracy Now－" lectured by Fumiaki Kubo, Professor, the University of Tokyo
- January,2021, "Two Trumpian Mysteries－Why did Trump win over 70 million votes? Why is his outrageous behavior unchecked?－" lectured by Kazuhiro Maeshima, Professor, Sophia University
- September, 2020, "The Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic and Internationa Relationsl" by Matake Kamiya, Professor, National Defense Academy of Japan
- September, 2020, "The Policy Agenda for the Xi Jinping Administration- COVID-19 Countermeasures and China's International Relations -" by Shin Kawashima, Professor, The University of Tokyo
- "Control in the United States and International Relations" by Koji Murata, Professor, Doshisha University
- September, 2020, "The EU's Response to COVID-19 and International Relations" by Yuichi Hosoya, Professor, Keio University
- August, 2020, "The Corona Crisis Seen from a Macroeconomic Perspective" written by Motoshige Itoh, Professor Emeritus, The University of Tokyo
- August, 2020, "The Coronavirus Pandemic and Japan's Infectious Disease Control" written by Takashi Mihara, Senior Research Fellow, NLI Research Institute
- August, 2020, "Infectious Disease Crisis Control in Japan- Recommendations on an Exit Strategy -" written by Kazumasa Oguro, Professor, Hosei University
- August, 2020, "Security against Infectious Disease Threats --- Policy Responses Abroad" written by Takashi Sekiyama, Associate Professor, Kyoto University
- June 2020,"Transformation of the International Order in the Middle East--- Varying Degrees of "Stateness" and Three Directions of the New Order" written by Satoshi Ikeuchi, Professor, Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo
- June 2020,"Destabilization in the Middle East and its Impacts on Japan's Energy Security" written by Amane Kobayashi, Research Fellow, The Institute of Energy Economics
- May 2020: Urgent Recommendations "Toward a V-shaped Recovery after the Novel Coronavirus Pandemic "Coronavirus Testing for All" --- the First Step of the Next Phase"
- May 2020: "US Diplomacy toward Iran: Economic Sanctions as a Diplomatic Tool" Hiroki Sugita Columnist, Kyodo News
- "Russian Factors in the Middle East" Taisuke Abiru Senior Research Fellow, Sasakawa Peace Foundation
- "The SDF Dispatches to the Middle East --- History and Significance" Ippeita Nishida Senior Research Fellow, Sasakawa Peace Foundation
- March 2020, "Space and Security" Kazuto Suzuki Professor, Hokkaido University
- March 2020, "The US Security Space Policy --- With a Focus on the Establishment of Two Space Forces" Yasuhito Fukushima Chief Researcher, The National Institute for Defense Studies
- March 2020, "China's Recent Activities in Space and Cyberspace" Bonji Ohara Senior Research Fellow, Sasakawa Peace Foundation
- March 2020, "Environmental Security and Japan" Takashi Sekiyama Associate Professor, Kyoto University
- March 2020, "Changes in Global Environment and Security --- US Security Strategy" Hideshi Tokuchi Senior Fellow, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS)
- February 2020, "Cyberspace Security" Motohiro Tsuchiya Professor, Keio University
- February 2020, "Japan's Space and Cyberspace Policy" Yukinari Hirose Former President of the National Institute for Defense Studies
- December 2019, "The US-China Confrontation --- Where Will Hegemony Reside Next?" Akio Takahara Professor, the University of Tokyo
- December 2019, "Challenges Facing the Chinese Economy" Osamu Tanaka Chief Senior Researcher, Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO
- December 2019, "US Strategic Perception on China: Implications for US Allied Partners" Tsuneo Watanabe Senior Fellow, Sasakawa Peace Foundation
- November 2019, "The Xi Jinping Administration's View of the International Order– China's emphasis on United Nations diplomacy and liberal economic policies−" Shin Kawashima, Professor, the University of Tokyo
- November 2019, "The Future of China's Security Strategy" Hideshi Tokuchi, Senior Fellow, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies
- November 2019, "China --- Its Confidence and Anxiety" Bonji Ohara, Senior Research Fellow, Sasakawa Peace Foundation
- August 2019: Several Perspectives on the Korean Peninsula Issue--- The Deteriorating Japan-South Korea Relationship and the Uncertain Denuclearization of North Korea --- By Masahiro Akiyama Chairman, the SSDP
- July 2019, "An Outlook on the Denuclearization of North Korea--- What is the Stance of North Korea?---", Junya Nishino, Professor, Keio University
- July 2019, "An Outlook on the Denuclearization of North Korea --- How will the US move?", Narushige Michishita, Vice President, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies
- July 2019, "Discussion on Denuclearization of North Korea", SSDP Discussion Meeting on May 8, 2019
- May 2019: "Current Status and Prospects of South Korea and Japan's Frictions over History: How to address the Judicial Problems", Masao Okonogi, Professor Emeritus, Keio University
- May 2019: "South Korea and Japan's Frictions over History" (Comments), Junya Nishino, Professor, Keio University
- May 2019: Japan and South Korea Relationships (Question & Answer)
- March 2019: "The Present State and Prospects of the Indian Economy and Economic Policies" written by Koji Kobayashi, Senior Economist Mizuho Research Institute Ltd.
- March 2019: "The "Modi diplomacy" in the History of Indian diplomacy--- Departure from or maintenance of the traditional diplomacy? ---" written by Toru Ito, The National Defense Academy of Japan
- February 2019: Dynamics of Indian Politics and the 2019 General Elections, written by Chiharu Takenaka, Professor of Rikkyo University
- February 2019: "Cooperative Strategy" to Realize "Competitive Strategy"--- The composite structure of Japan's "Free and Open Indo-Pacific" strategy (vision) ---, written by Matake Kamiya, Professor at The National Defense Academy of Japan
- January 2019:, A paper, "How will the US midterm elections results affect the Trump administration's foreign policy for 2019?" written by Tsuneo Watanabe, Senior Fellow, the Sasakawa Peace Foundation
- January 2019:, A paper, "The Present and Future of the International Trade Order" , written by Akihiko Tamura, Professor, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies
- December 2018: The US-China Competition and Japan, written by Ryo Sahashi, Professor at Kanagawa University
- December 2018: An Outlook for the US-China Trade War―What makes the two economically interdependent superpowers confront each other?―, written by Takashi Sekiyama, Associate professor at Toyo University
- September 2018: Proposal, "The Denuclearization of North Korea and the Restoration of Peace in the Korean Peninsula― Correct Perceptions and Eight Proposals on Japan's North Korea Diplomacy－" edited by the Society of Security and Diplomatic Policy Studies
- September 2018: "The Taiwan Policy of the Xi Jinping Administration in its Second Term: An Outlook on Cross-Strait Relations in the New Era" written by Yasuhiro Matsuda, Professor of the Tokyo University
- July 2018: "The EU States and Russia on North Korea Issues- Expansion of Influence through Diplomacy: Attempts and Limitations -" lectured by Yuichi Hosoya, Professor of Keio University
- "An Assessment of the US-North Korea Summit and an Outlook for the Future of the Korean Peninsula" lectured by Junya Nishino, Professor of Keio University
- "Korean Peninsula Issue and Japan's Future Security Policy" written by Hideshi Tokuchi, Senior Fellow of National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies
- July 2018: "US North Korea policy affected by personnel changes in the Trump administration" lectured by Tsuneo Watanabe, Senior Fellow of the Sasakawa Peace Foundation.
- "China-North Korea relationship under Xi Jinping" lectured by Shin Kawashima, Professor of the Tokyo University.
- "North Korean Denuclearization and Russia" lectured by Nobuo Shimotomai, Professor of the Hosei University.
- March 2018: "The Network Hegemony Theory for a Security Architecture in The Asia Pacific Region" lectured by Masahiro Akiyama, Chairman, the Society of Security and Diplomatic Policy Studies
- January 2018: "A Destabilized Middle East" lectured by Koichiro Tanaka, Professor, Keio University
- December 2017: "Problems in Sino-Japanese Relations, 1992-2042" lectured by Ezra F. Vogel, Professor of the Social Sciences Emeritus at Harvard University
- November 2017: "The Future of the Asia-Pacific Region" written by Yoriko Kawaguchi, Fellow, the Meiji Institute for Global Affairs, Former Minister Foreign Affairs
- October 2017: "A New Trend in India's Foreign Policy and Japan" Written by HIROSE,Takako, Professor, Senshu University
- August 2017: "The Shocks that shook the Transatlantic World and their Implication for Japan's Foreign Policy" written by HOSOYA, Yuichi, Professor, Keio University
- August 2017: "Does Economic Interdependence not Encourage Collaboration? ―Thinking Japan-China Relations from an Economic Perspective―" written by Takashi SEKIYAMA, Ph.D., Toyo University
- July 2017: Proposal article "The Trump Administration's Impact on the Cross-Strait Relations" written by Yasuhiro Matsuda, Ph.D.
- June 2017: Proposal article "The outlook for the relationship between two great powers and implications for Japanese diplomacy" written by Professor Shin Kawashima
- May 2017: (Emergency Proposal) Facing the Inconvenient Truth: Re-examining Policy for Peace and Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula (Chief author, Masao Okonogi)
- March 2017: "Economic Influences of the Trump Administration" written by Professor Motoshige Ito
- February, 2017: Proposal article "Trump's Foreign and Security Policy - Unpredictable President, Realistic Secretaries - " written by Mr. Tsuneo Watanabe is posted on the website of SSDP.
- December, 2016: Proposal article "Reconsidering North Korea Policy: How to Deal with a Nuclear Armed Divided States" written by Professor Masao Okonogi is posted on the website of SSDP.
- March 2022, A remembrance seminar "Remembering Professor Ezra Vogel" held on January 17, 2022
- March 2021, Japan-ROK Parliamentary Dialogue -Japan-ROK Cooperation in the Era of US-China Competition- held on March 11, 2021
- December 2020: The report of the Japan-ROK Future Dialogue held on November 21 to discuss "Japan-ROK Cooperation in the Post-Covid-19 Era
- October 2020: "Responses to COVID-19 and Agendas for the Post-COVID-19 Era", A Brief Overview of the Japan-Korea Experts Dialogue held on July 29,30, 2020
- October 2020: "The China-Taiwan Confrontation over Corona Response and Taiwan's Security" written by Makoto Ogata, Former Chief of the Japan-Taiwan Exchange Association in Taipei
- May 2020: "Rivalries in the Middle East in New Security Dynamics", Written by Sayed Ghoneim, Major General (retired) of the Egyptian Armed Forces, Chairman, Institute for Global Security & Defence Affairs
- March 2020: The Japan-South Korea Relationship in a Cul-de-Sac--- Where is an Exit ? Masao Okonogi Professor Emeritus, Keio Universit
- December 2019: The Hong Kong Upheaval and the Future of Cross-Straits Relations－The 2019 Japan-Taiwan Strategic Dialogue Report OGATA, Makoto Former Chief of the Japan-Taiwan Exchange Association in Taipei
- August 2019: Report; 2019 FUTURE CONSENSUS DIALOGUE --Sustainable Prosperity and Future of Korea-U.S.-Japan Cooperation-- By Future Consensus Institute (Yeosijae)
- June 2019: Report on India – Japan Security Dialogue 2019 by Ms. Vindu Mai Chotani, Ph.D Student, The University of Tokyo
June 2019: Four papers on Japan-India Cooperation submitted to India-Japan Security Dialogue 2019
Japan's Rationale for a Free and Open Indo-Pacific Vision
Tsuneo Watanabe, Senior Fellow, The Sasakawa Peace Foundation
The Significance and Possibilities of India-Japan Cooperation in the Concept of the Indo-Pacific
Toru ITO Associate Professor, National Defense Academy of Japan
Japan-India Defense Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific Context - Operationalizing the Security Aspect of the Indo-Pacific Vision –
Hideshi Tokuchi, Senior Fellow, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS)
India-US-Japan Defense Cooperation: What's next?
Dr. Satoru Nagao, Hudson Institute
- Japan's Rationale for a Free and Open Indo-Pacific Vision
- November 2018: "The Present State of the Japanese Economy and Policy Issues" lectured by Motoshige Itoh, Professor Emeritus at the University of Tokyo.
- November 2018: "Expanding Social Security Expenses and Fiscal Reforms" lectured by Kazumasa Oguro, Professor at Hosei University.
- September 2018: "Taiwan Identity and Cross-Strait Relations and Trump's Taiwan Policy and the Future of Taiwan-US Relations-Discussion at The Second Japan-Taiwan Strategic Dialogue (June 21, 2018, Taipei)-" written by OGATA, Makoto
- September 2018: "Japan-Taiwan Dialogue 2018 Minutes", 21st June 2018, Taipei, Taiwan.
- July 2018: Report on The Second Japan – Philippines Strategic Dialogue prepared by Ms. Vindu Mai Chotani, Ph.D. Student, Graduate School of Public Policy, Tokyo University.
- May 2018: "Civilian Control "at Crisis"? – Perhaps Not, for the Case of the Field Sit-reps from SDF's South Sudan Mission" reported by Ippeita Nishida, Research Fellow, the Sasakawa Peace Foundation
- January 2018: "Fukushima, Genki？Project－Young Taiwanese volunteers introduce the facts on Fukushima's revival through documentary films－" reported by OGATA, Makoto, Former Chief of the Japan-Taiwan Exchange Association in Taipei
- December 2017: "Commemorating a Quarter Century of Dispatches of the JSDF's PKO Units: Challenges and Possibilities in the Post South Sudan" written by Takayuki Shoji, Lecturer, Nihon University
- November 2017: "19th CCP National Congress" written by Mr. Bonji Ohara, Senior Research Fellow, the Sasakawa Peace Fondation
- October 2017: "What is Japan's Role in the Indo-China border conflict?" written by Dr. NGAO,Satoru, Research Fellow, Institute for Future Engineering
- July 2017: "Overview of the Current Situation in Taiwan-" the Naturally Independent Generation" will affect the Taiwan"s politics-" written by Makoto Ogata MGE.(Ret.)
- June 2017: "Japan-U.S. Economic Dialogue" written by Mr.Takaaki Asano
- March 2017: "The Japan-Philippines Strategic Dialogue" written by Mr. Hideshi Tokuchi
- February, 2017: Current topic "The Importance of Japan's Security Role Under Trump" written by Dr. Satoru Nagao is posted on the SSDP website.
- December, 2016: Current topic "Widening Security Task: Will SDF do the Job?" written by Mr. Ippeita Nishida is posted on the SSDP website.
- October 2022, Research Jounal "Security Studies (vol 4 no 3)" - Xi Jinping's China - Politics, Economy, Society and Diplomacy - was published.
- Jun 2022, Research Jounal "Security Studies (vol 4 no 2)" -The Russia-Ukraine War and Its Global Impact- was published.
- March 2022, Research Jounal "Security Studies (vol 4 no 1)"-What is Economic Security?- was published.
- December 2021, Research Jounal "Security Studies (vol 3 no 4)"-Korean Peninsula Situation- was published.
- September 2021, A research journal "Security Studies vol03 no03" -Asia's Security II- (English edition)
- June 2021, A research journal "Security Studies vol03 no02" -Asia's Security I- (English edition)
- March 2021: Research journal "Security Studies (vol3 no1) "- US Foreign Policy in the Biden Administration / The 2020 US Presidential Election and American Democracy -(English edition)
- December 2020: A research journal "Security Studies (vol2 no4) "- Normalize Japan-South Korea Relations trough Dialogues -(English edition)
- September 2020: A research journal "Security Studies (vol2 no3) "-The Novel Coronavirus and Security-(English edition)
- July 2020: A research journal "Security Studies (vol2 no2) - Middle East Situation and Japan's Security - " (English edition) was published
- May 2020: A research journal "Security Studies (vol2 no1) - Cyber, Space, Environment and Security - " March 2020 (English edition)
- February 2020, "A research journal "Security Studies (vol1 no4) " (English edition)"
- September 2019: A research journal "Security Studies (vol1 no3) " (English edition)
- August 2019: Korea-Japan Joint Seminar: FUTURE CONSENSUS DIALOGUE
- April 2019: "Security Studies (vol1 no2) April 2019"
- March 2019: A research journal "Security Studies vol1 no01" just published
- February 2019: The Denuclearization of North Korea and the Takeshima Issue
- December 2018: Former Vice Defense Minister Masahiro Akiyama's Memoirs (An Ad)
- November 2018: Participation in the Future Consensus Forum held in Beijing
- September 2018: "2018 Indo-Pacific Security Dialogue" reported by Masahiro Akiyama
- 2017 December: "The Butterfly Project-A possibility of showing a solution to the North Korea problem-"
- October 2017: Campaign on the problems with North Korea
- August 2017: A New Containment Policy Strategy
- June 2017: Korean peninsla
- March 2017: President Duterte
- February, 2017: Kazakhstan
- November, 2016: Participated in Astana Club 2016 held in Kazakhstan on November 14- 16, 2016.