JAPAN-ROK FUTURE DIALOGUE
Japan-ROK Cooperation in the Post-COVID-19 Era
Date: Saturday, November 21, 2020 (10:00 a.m.–12:00 a.m.)
Organizers: Society of Security and Diplomatic Policy Studies (SSDP) / The Yeosijae (Future Consensus Institute)
Mode: Closed on-line seminar supported by Japan-Korean simultaneous interpretation
- Masahiro Akiyama Chairman, SSDP
- Shigeru Ishiba Member of the House of Representatives (LDP)
- Masao Okonogi Emeritus Professor, Keio University
- Takashi Sekiyama Associate Professor, Kyoto University
- Masaaki Taira Member of the House of Representatives (LDP)
- Junya Nishino Professor, Keio University
- Yukio Noguchi Emeritus Professor, Hitotsubashi University
- Tsuyoshi Yamaguchi Member of the House of Representatives (LDP)
- Yun-Chul Hong Professor of Medicine, Seoul National University
- Sehee Hwang Director of the Future Planning Department, Future Consensus Institute
- Young Choon Kim Secretary-General of the National Assembly
- Jaeyoung Lee President, KGMLab
- Kwang Jae Lee Member of the National Assembly (Democratic Party of Korea)
- Hee-ryong Won Governor of Jeju Special Self-governing Province
- Hyang-ja Yang Member of the National Assembly (Democratic Party of Korea)
Proposals Toward Japan-ROK Cooperation in the Post-COVID-19 Era
- We, the participants of the Japan-ROK Future Dialogue, propose, as a short-term strategy for building a sustainable infection prevention system, 1) the establishment of a risk assessment and monitoring system, 2) the reestablishment of a system of epidemiological surveys and contact tracing, and 3) inter-ministerial governance as well as cooperative governance between the public and private sectors.
- Medical care in the future as a long-term strategy in the post-corona era is "community-oriented medical care." There is a need for "community-oriented new medical care" that provides remote consultations and finds solutions within a community. It is necessary to build a medical system based on a platform that implements diagnosis and enables the observation of a patient at home at all times by using health monitoring and smart tools. Facing the precipitous aging of the population, Japan and South Korea must deal jointly with these challenges.
- We propose, through Japan-ROK digital cooperation, 1) Japan-ROK next-generation communication cooperation for building digital infrastructures, 2) the institution of a national digital library, and 3) the development of an online education platform, and 4) the construction of an AI government.
- Toward the solution of population concentration in cities and the disappearance of non-urban areas, we propose 1) developing an industry-academia cooperation model and 2) constructing a cooperation model between non-metropolitan universities and smart industrial parks. The revitalization of non-urban areas and response to a super-aging society constitute common challenges for Japan and South Korea. Japan and South Korea should jointly advance research efforts regarding smart cities.
- We propose taking the 2021 Tokyo Olympics as an opportunity to promote international cooperation between South Korea, North Korea, and East Asian countries. We anticipate the joint participation in the upcoming Olympics of South and North Koreas. We also propose that the 2022 Beijing Olympics be followed by the joint holding of the 2024 Gangwon Winter Youth Olympics by two Koreas.
- Based on the concept of "Data Free Flow with Trust (DFFT)" presented at the 2019 G20 meeting, South Korea and Japan, committed to the values of democracy, liberalism, and privacy, should cooperate to the utmost in the formation of international data distribution zones that are to include Japan, South Korea, Europe, the United States, and ASEAN countries.
- There is a need for Japan-ROK technical cooperation based on liberalism and respect for privacy. It will be possible to promote Japan-ROK cooperation suitable for the post-corona and digital age. In the creation of systems specialized in addressing infectious diseases, for example, the sharing of each other's experiences would advance the bilateral cooperation, as evidenced by successful cases of the development of various applications. Japan and South Korea should demonstrate to the world an exemplary system for preventing epidemics as a democratic institution.
- Countries committed to the values of democracy, liberalism, and privacy possess superior technologies. They could solve problems with new technologies such as blockchain, data sandbox, secure computation technology, and distributed ID. It is a new business model to turn the information stored by devices into big data and AI. It represents a common challenge for Japan and South Korea.
- Technology is of utmost importance for establishing medical systems and platforms capable of addressing COVID-19. Japan-ROK cooperation is indispensable for the further development of semiconductor memory.
- Japan and South Korea should jointly propose a framework for cooperation between Northeast Asian countries --- South Korea, Japan, Russia, China, the United States, Australia, and North Korea ---, along with TPP (Trans-Pacific Partnership), ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations), and RCEP (Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership). Both countries should also jointly promote peacebuilding in Asia-Pacific and construct an international framework for Northeast Asia. Cross-border cooperative measures are needed to fight infectious disease viruses that respect no national borders.
- Vaccines and therapeutic drugs have similar effects on Japanese and Korean people due to their racial kinship. They could jointly develop vaccines and curative drugs by sharing each other's information obtained from clinical trials.
- Japan-ROK cooperation has been another name of difficulty. But the impact of the COVID-19 crisis seems to herald a time that encourages Japan and South Korea to cooperate in earnest with each other. It is time for Japan and South Korea to advance cooperation by a two-track approach, separating historical issues and other thorny problems.
Society of Security and Diplomatic Policy Studies (SSDP) and the Yeosijae (Future Consensus Institute) sponsor efforts toward prosperity and peacebuilding in the Korean Peninsula and Northeast Asia. The 2019 summer SSDP-Yeosijae seminar in Tokyo convened both countries' parliamentarians and experts and discussed the future course and challenges for Japan and South Korea. This year, however, the outbreak of COVID-19 frustrated the holding of another one in Seoul. Instead, we decided to continue online dialogues. In July, the SSDP-Yeosijae Global Dialogue took place in the form of an online seminar participated by experts from both countries. We shared our experiences in dealing with the COVID-19 crisis and discussed Japan-ROK cooperation in an era of US-China competition.
At the recent Japan-ROK Future Dialogue, political leaders from Japan and South Korea gathered to discuss Japan-ROK cooperation in the post-COVID-19 era, based on the expert discussions this summer. The exchange of views between the political leaders followed two presentations from the Korean side. Their contents are as follows.
Presentation 1 "ROK's Response to the COVID-19 Crisis and its Future Medical Care Strategy"
Exploiting South Korea's experiences, the first presentation tried to embody a long-term response strategy in preparation for pandemic crises that will recur in the future.
Back in 2015, South Korean society experienced a MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) outbreak. At that time, the number of infected people was 186, while that of deaths was 39. South Korea, however, capitalized on the misfortune to create a system to fight infectious diseases, a fact which contributed a great deal to response to the COVID-19 outbreak. The whole of East Asia was hit by SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) in 2002, new influenza in 2009, and MERS in 2012. These regional experiences explain why East Asia could respond relatively quickly to COVID-19 compared to Western nations.
A country-by-country comparison of the number of COVID-19 mortality per million people shows that 649 people died in the United States, 570 in Sweden, and 338 in the European Union. On the other hand, South Korea has registered only eight deaths. Besides high death tolls, countries in Europe and North America suffered a great deal of economic damage as GDP dropped. In the meantime, Asian countries registered fewer deaths, and their economic damage is much less than that of the United States and Europe.
COVID-19 Mortality: Deaths per million capita (Source: Federation of American Scientists)
What were the achievements of South Korea's infectious disease control? First, the number of infected people was small; secondly, the case fatality rate was low. The small number of infections means that South Korea's response to COVID-19 was good, and the low case fatality rate that South Korea's infectious disease control and medical treatment were effective. Meanwhile, the South Korean economy suffered just a small hit thanks to its good response.
Then, what was South Korea's strategy that was able to produce such achievements? It is a "3T+2P" strategy that focuses on the three Ts --- 1) preparation and rapid diagnosis (Testing), 2) active contact management (Tracing), and 3) efficient treatment management (Treatment) --- and the two Ps --- 1) social distancing and Personal protective measures and 2) Public health infrastructure. Of these, rapid diagnosis is of paramount importance. A comparison with the United States may illustrate the peculiarity of the Korean strategy. The first COVID-19 infection was discovered simultaneously in South Korea and the United States on the same day. The difference between their response lies in that South Korea carried out a lot of testing in the incipient stages of the outbreak and that South Korea is still conducting almost as much testing as in the incipient stages. On the other hand, the United States has the highest number of infections and deaths, despite currently conducting the largest number of testing in the world. These results prove that rapid diagnosis is pivotally significant.
The number of infections in individual countries is decisively affected by differences in the way testing is conducted in the incipient stages of the outbreak. (Source: Our World in Data)
Future Challenges in Combating COVID-19
Although South Korea is successfully controlling the spread of the novel coronavirus, she is now facing a COVID-19 third wave. The characteristic of the current increase in infections is that the ratio of infection cases with unidentified transmission routes is high. If that ratio continues to rise, there will be a concern about the nationwide spread of the virus.
Response to cluster infections will also be a critical issue for South Korea to subdue COVID-19. The top places of cluster infections are medical institutions and sanatoria, followed by small-sized gatherings and religious activities. In particular, the characteristic of cluster infections associated with religious activities is that the number of infected people is high. Therefore, it is significant to pay attention to and control such possibility of infection.
How to adjust the intensity of social distancing is another issue to address. Generally speaking, social distancing will intensify when the number of infections is large and continues to climb; it will decrease when the number of infection cases decreases. However, if the intensity of social distancing decreases, large infection clusters will again occur --- a kind of vicious cycle will appear. Therefore, how to optimize the reciprocal feedback between the intensity of social distancing and the number of infection cases will also be the key to COVID-19 control.
As of October 20, 2020, 2,978 (11.8%) of 25,333 infection cases in South Korea are unidentified
in terms of transmission routes. (Source: Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Cluster Infection Cases and the Number of Infections by Place of Infection
(Source: Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
South Korea's Measures against COVID-19
Short-term and long-term strategies are needed to build a sustainable infectious disease control system. These strategies should focus on three aspects of combating infectious diseases: 1) establish a risk assessment and monitoring system, 2) reestablish a system of epidemiological surveys and contact tracing, and 3) inter-ministerial governance and cooperative governance between the public and private sectors.
1) The risk assessment system will provide scientific risk assessments and infectious disease predictions. At present, it is quite necessary to estimate the unidentified infection cases and transmission routes and to assess the risk of transmission to local communities. There is a need for a strategy to deal with "silent spreaders" who are asymptomatic and presymptomatic patients.
2) The reestablishment of a system of epidemiological surveys and contact tracing will claim improvement in methods and indicators used for epidemiological surveys. It is of importance in this connection to computerize the information gathering process and to integrate it with related clinical data. To this end, there is a need to expand and quantitatively strengthen epidemiological research personnel. As for contact tracing, we should, above all, respect the protection of privacy and digitalize contact tracing.
3) To create an efficient and effective infectious disease control system, it is necessary to establish governance based on public-private cooperation coordinated by government ministries and central and local governments.
"Community-Oriented Healthcare" --- A Long-Term Response Strategy
The above infectious disease control measures constitute a short-term strategy, whereas a long-term one requires a different approach. It is necessary for future medical care, for example, to strengthen not only medical technology but also the medical system. Although the United States boasts the most advanced medical technology, it suffers the gravest damage from COVID-19. There seems to be something wrong with its medical system. To deal with COVID-19, we cannot depend any more on medical systems run by large hospitals often associated with universities but need community-oriented medical care. We must aim at a new medical care system that can directly provide medical care to individual community members.
The increasing elderly population constitutes the chief reason for justifying the promotion of community-oriented medical care. In 2020, the elderly over 65 of age accounts for 15.7% of the South Korean population. It will reach 24.3% in 2030 and be close to 40% in 2050. The percentage of Japan's elderly population has already exceeded 25% --- almost ten years faster than South Korea's. Japan and South Korea are among the OECD countries with the fastest aging rate. Aging is an issue that Japan and South Korea must address in tandem.
The Future Percentage of Elderly in all the South Korean Population
(Source: National Statistical Office)
In realizing community-oriented medical care, the existing disease-oriented medical care must be changed to people-oriented medical care, while medical transmission systems to medical cooperation systems, and hospital-based services to community-based services. The technical basis for realizing these changes is "health monitoring." Various equipment and devices are available for health monitoring, including implantable, wearable, or garment-type devices. There are demands for a toilet seat incorporating monitoring technology that can measure a user's body temperature and provide monitoring and diagnosis at the time of emergency like a pandemic. By accommodating smart tools in mirrors and beds, people can receive medical care in their home where they live. Information collected from each household serving as a medical platform will reach a general hospital. In the post-COVID-19 era, the medical care system should transform into a platform-based system. I should be responsible for a health management strategy for future society.
Presentation 2 "Proposals toward Japan-ROK Cooperation in the Post-COVID-19 Era"
COVID-19 has posed common questions to all humankind. One of them is about how humans should live in the age of full-fledged digitalization with anxiety about both their employment and income. If digitalization helps to raise the proportion of "one-man business" that will depend on man's ingenuity and expertise, employment will accordingly decrease, while concerns about income will increase. The second question is associated with 120-year life expectancy, or what should people do during the 50 years after retirement at 65? The third question is about how to confront the climate change crisis. Climate change may increase the risk of chronic and inveterate illnesses.
It is time to find solutions to these problems. But what makes it hard to do so is that most Koreans live in large cities and a high-cost society. Rent, travel expenses, and communication costs soar exponentially; living expenses are rising and will continue to do. As a result, talented people will continue to leave South Korea. COVID-19 has asked Korean people about what rules they must adopt for their survival.
What kind of effort should Japan and South Korea make to create a new future? Public goods in the agricultural society are waterways, rice, salt, iron, etc. In industrial society, electricity, water supply, and sewerage systems, and railways are public goods. In the age of the digital revolution, "knowledge" will become a public good. If the IQ of artificial intelligence goes up from 500 to 1,000 in the future, an infinite amount of knowledge will be delivered in the way water or electricity is now. Consequently, future cooperation between Japan and South Korea must contribute to creating the knowledge ecosystem.
Seven Proposals Toward Japan-ROK Cooperation
The first proposal is the construction of digital infrastructures. Given that knowledge will in the future transfer through next-generation communication technologies such as 5G, 6G, and artificial satellites, our efforts should focus on how to realize bilateral cooperation in the sphere of digital communication.
The second proposal is the creation of a national digital library. The idea is to digitize all the materials archived in both countries' national central libraries to build a knowledge system capable of making an enormous volume of data accessible from, for example, a classroom or an apartment room. Currently, 66% of the 1.33 million digital materials in the National Library of Korea cannot be available outside the library due to copyright issues. The new system would enable visitors to, for example, search for university treatises and to obtain information at a lower cost.
The third proposal is the construction of an online education platform. In the future, the number of online universities will increase, and students will attend online lectures of the world's top universities like Harvard University. Japan-ROK cooperation will make it possible to produce online lessons of world-reputed scholars and build an education platform. Both countries can join forces in creating a kind of educational version of Netflix. Besides, the expansion of the system of exchanging university credits would facilitate the exchange of more knowledge between the two countries.
The fourth proposal is the promotion of an industry-academia cooperation model. Japan-ROK cooperation will play a vital role in dealing with the disappearance of non-urban (non-metropolitan) areas. One of the main reasons for the disappearance of those areas is the closure of universities located there. To raise the intellectual level of children living in non-urban areas, corporations and universities should jointly advance efforts toward regional revitalization by, among other things, sponsoring vocational education or summer camps for elementary, junior high, and high school students by utilizing university dormitories.
The fifth proposal is to invite advanced factory facilities on the premises of non-metropolitan universities located in regional Japan or South Korea to create an industry-academia cooperation model. The idea will have the effect of producing employment for university students in non-metropolitan areas while helping corporations there to recruit talented people. Besides, the involvement of regional universities would help enhance the vitality of those regions. By utilizing their relatively spacious sites, we propose creating an industry-academia integrated campus where education and research institutes coexist in an industrial park --- not an area dominated by factories or production facilities.
The sixth proposal is the construction of an AI government. The idea is to promote government-led digital innovation through exchanging a large amount of knowledge and information produced by the Japanese and South Korean governments. We propose the reorganization of administrative services based on blockchain technology so that all administrative work can be managed in an integrated manner. As for national treasury subsidies, we propose digitizing administrative information and creating a system that will allow government entities to inquire about the necessary information.
The seventh proposal proposes the promotion of international cooperation between South Korea, North Korea, and East Asian nations by taking the 2021 Tokyo Olympics as an opportunity. North-South Korean dialogues occasioned by the 2018 Pyeongchang Olympics brought a euphoric mood to the East Asian region. We hope that anti-COVID-19 vaccines and therapeutic agents appear as soon as possible and that North and South Koreas will jointly participate in the 2021 Tokyo Olympics. Furthermore, we also propose that the 2022 Beijing Olympics go ahead of the joint holding of the 2024 Gangwon Winter Youth Olympics by two Koreas. With the 2028 Los Angeles Olympic Games in sight, we hope that Japan and South Korea continue diplomatic efforts to involve North Korea by leveraging Olympics momentum and to promote cooperation with East Asia and other nations in the world.
In the designated discussion, a Japanese debater expressed his views on COVID-19 control measures taken by Japan and South Korea and discussed perceptions that are to be shared by both sides and the areas in which the two countries can cooperate in the wake of various changes that they have experienced through a fight against COVID-19.
Currently, we find ourselves at a vital turning point that humankind may encounter once every 100 years --- which means that the possibility of our meeting again in the future such historical events as the 100-year-old World War I and Spanish flu, the Great Depression, and World War II. Japanese debaters emphasized the importance for Japan, South Korea, and East Asian nations to create new cooperation models and a picture of the world in order not to experience such tragic wars, infectious diseases, and financial crises.
The Japanese debater pointed out the importance to that end of learning about each other. In particular, Japan may have many things to learn from South Korea's successful experiences of taking adequate measures to fight COVID-19 by utilizing its experiences in combating MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome). Japan should, the debater argued, expand testing and thorough isolation, set up an emergency task force independent of politics, and entrust infectious disease control mainly with experts of public health and infectious diseases. He further stressed that Japan should learn from the cases where corporations such as Samsung and Hyundai Motor converted their training centers and other facilities into health management centers. He added that Japan should promote cashless transactions while introducing a system that can gain access to necessary data and identify transmission routes in case of an emergency like the COVID-19 crisis. He concluded that Japan should have the modesty to learn from the experiences of Taiwan or South Korea, rather than thinking that she has nothing to learn from others.
As for the current international situation, we should pay emphatic attention to the US-China struggle for supremacy and conduct an exhaustive discussion on how the bilateral confrontation will unfold and what roles Japan and South Korea should play as the closest neighbors. Japan should be aware that North-South reconciliation, which President Moon Jae-in emphasized in his speech on August 15, is especially significant for future peacebuilding in East Asia and solving North Korea's nuclear missile problem.
Instead of blaming each other, Japan and South Korea need to look at reality and discuss territorial issues and historical issues with an open heart. Besides, South Korea and Japan share difficult problems and challenges such as population decline, a high population concentration in cities, the creation of a decentralized society, and the strengthening of the domestic economy. Japan and South Korea share many areas where the two countries should do lots of constructive work for the international community.
In the free discussion, Japanese and Korean participants shared their experiences by joining a question and answer session and presented suggestions for Japan-ROK cooperation. The following are suggestions on bilateral cooperation measures mentioned in the free discussion.
1 Japan has made much use of IT to control COVID-19 infection. With cooperation from a social networking service (SNS) company LINE, we gather a large amount of COVID-19-related information and attempt to prevent coronavirus infection using contact identification applications. Based on the concept of "Data Free Flow with Trust (DFFT)" presented at the 2019 G20 meeting, South Korea and Japan should collaborate to form international data distribution zones respectful to privacy based on the norms of democracy and liberalism --- zones which will include not only Japan and South Korea but Europe, the United States, and ASEAN countries. Then, Japan and South Korea would reap the benefits of the data-driven economy.
2 If we prioritize the prevention of COVID-19 alone, we have only to do contact tracing and isolation in disregard of personal privacy. These responses may subdue COVID-19, but they could undermine the fundamental social value of liberalism. Japan and South Korea, which share liberal values, can probably develop technologies safeguarding personal information. In their fight against COVID-19, Japan and South Korea have endeavored to monitor the status of infection and to collect contact information by utilizing various applications. It is important for both countries, world leaders in technology innovation, to quickly resolve historical and political issues, build an infectious disease control system together, and seek close cooperation for development.
3 Technology contributes more than anything else to support the medical system and medical platform in unceasing daily efforts to control COVID-19 infection. In particular, the development of memory semiconductors such as DRAM, Flash Memory, and the CMOS image sensor is crucial. Japan and South Korea have continued technical cooperation for a long time, including the development of semiconductors. The two countries should build a future-oriented cooperation model together, rather than adopting a non-cooperative policy that tightens export regulations on semiconductor materials. In an era of US-China competition, Japan and South Korea would, thanks to their geopolitical location, have opportunities to promote technical and other exchanges and to work out a cooperation model.
4 Between East Asian nations, there are different cooperation frameworks --- TPP, ASEAN, and RCEP ---, but a Northeast Asian framework is missing. Japan and South Korea should compensate for this lacuna. It would be idealistic that Japan, South Korea, Russia, China, Mongolia, and the United States join the new framework --- and North Korea also in due course. The expectation is high for the establishment of such a framework of cooperation in East Asia.
5 Infectious diseases like COVID-19 do not respect national borders. Close cross-border cooperation is necessary to prepare for similar epidemics. There are concerns about the future occurrence of new infectious diseases every five to ten years. In preparation for unknown epidemics, Japan and South Korea should share viral genetic information and undertake joint research on and production of vaccines. Because there is a racial kinship between Japanese and Korean, both vaccines and therapeutic agents to be developed may have similar effects on them. Joint clinical trials and data sharing would make it possible for both countries to develop and produce vaccines or therapeutic agents in a short time.
6 The international community as a whole must deal with the COVID-19 crisis, whereas the democratic and authoritarian regimes differ in their response to the pandemic. Japan and South Korea should propose to the world a transparent epidemic prevention system based on democratic principles. Domestically, on the other hand, a significant concern is given to which generation should have priority for investment, the younger or the elderly. Both countries, faced with the aging population issue, are expected to prioritize investment in the younger generation. Although this will ultimately depend on political decisions, 1.5 track efforts will make complementary contributions.
7 It is quite hard to balance the prevention of the spread of COVID-19 and economic vitalization. South Korea is tightening or mitigating social distancing and other prevention measures while monitoring the status of infection. The central government and local governments provided subventions to the foodservice industry and stores that suffered severe damage. The central government distributed relief money to all the citizens while providing the companies with employment maintenance support funds. South Korea will register a budget deficit this year.
8 In response to the COVID-19 crisis, IT technology has significantly changed connections, raising various relevant questions. As a result, paradoxically, analog connections are eagerly supported. The United States is changing its inward-looking orientation to one of assuming proactive roles in the international community. These phenomena are likely to help improve the Japan-ROK relationship.
9 Japan should squarely face historical issues. The Japanese must be aware that its annexation of Korea, legal as it was, deprived the country of its independence and disbanded its troops. Japan asserts that it modernized South Korea during the annexation period. But she cannot justify the modernization of Korea following the annexation as beneficial to Koreans. Generally speaking, Japanese people lack an understanding of South Korea. To understand another country's people, we must first know who is its leader and the background and course of his life. Japanese should peruse the autobiography of President Moon Jae-in written by himself before taking the presidential office and his remarks on the importance of a two-track approach. Conversely, South Koreans also lack an understanding of Japan.
10 How should we link the fluctuating society in an age of COVID-19 and the issue of regional revitalization? Japan's controversial "Go To Travel" campaign is one of the policies aimed at revitalizing regional Japan divided by the COVID-19 crisis. From now on, we should not choose one between "the economy" and "medical care" but seek a solution in sublating them. Japan and South Korea should continue an in-depth dialogue on this issue.
11 The annexation of Japan and Korea is an erroneous expression. It must be said the Japanese annexation of Korea. The primary problem of the Japanese annexation of Korea is that it deprived Koreans of their identity. Some people say that Japan helped Korea in its modernization and development. But the truth is that incorporating the Korean Peninsula in its territories, Japan developed Korea for its own benefits, not for helping Korea to its feet. Koreans consider Hirobumi Ito to be the root of evil. But it was Aritomo Yamagata that was a real hardliner against Korea. Japan-ROK cooperation is now stuck in a stubborn impasse. It is paradoxical indeed that the COVID-19 crisis seems to urge Japan and South Korea to become ready for bilateral cooperation at this moment. Both countries should move forward for cooperation, setting historical and other thorny issues aside by, for example, adopting a two-track approach.
12 We hope that the Tokyo Olympics will give a strong thrust toward restoring Japan-South Korea relations. In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, Japan and South Korea should confirm their commitment to the protection of personal information and privacy and liberalism, and pursue joint research efforts toward the development of smart cities as a response to population concentration in the metropolitan areas, the depopulation of rural areas, and the age of 120 years of life. Both countries are anticipated to launch a North Asian version of a leaders' conference of the kind that can be found in any other region but North Asia and to build a framework of cooperation. We propose to study this initiative through a 1.5 track dialogue.
13 Democratic, liberal, and privacy-conscious countries are capable of achieving many things by technology. With new technologies --- blockchain, data sandbox, secure computation technology, distributed ID ---, Japan has the potential to solve the most leading challenges. Japan should cooperate with South Korea to this end. Various devices are just a terminal that collects information; it is a common challenge for Japan and South Korea to find a winning pattern in developing the business model of retrieving information by reorganizing big data, AI, and algorithms.
One representative from each of the Japanese and Korean sides made closing remarks. All the participants confirmed the significance of conducting a post-COVID-19 dialogue on a bilateral basis and the orientation Japan and South Korea should take in the future.
(The Japanese speaker) Communication gaps have emerged between the United States and China; between Japan and South Korea. We should eliminate those gaps and better understand one another. Japan and South Korea must continue to search for solutions for pending issues. In an age of US-China conflict, Japan and South Korea should make joint efforts to promote peacebuilding in the Asia-Pacific region through cooperation frameworks such as TPP, ASEAN, and RCEP, and collaboration with East Asian countries, and strive to share democratic elements even with China.
(The South Korean speaker) We want to emphasize that in an era of COVID-19 and digital transformation, Japan and South Korea should endeavor together to work out solutions for problems for a peaceful, prosperous, and sustainable future. The COVID-19 crisis has accelerated digitization, posing a common challenge for humankind. Sharing our experiences and even worries associated with the corona crisis, Japan and South Korea can extract wisdom for designing their future.
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- June 2021, "The Indo-Pacific Regional Architecture: Its Future--- Multipolar Order Beyond US-China Relations ---" by Tsutomu Kikuchi, Professor, Aoyama Gakuin University
- June 2021, "The Quad Plus in the Security of Asia: Its Significance and Outlook" by Hideshi Tokuchi, Senior Fellow, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies
- June 2021, "Indonesian Views and Perceptions on National Security" by Nobuhiro Aizawa, Associate Professor, The Graduate School of Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu University
- June 2021, "Normalized Tensions in the Cross-Strait Relations--- Structural Changes in Taiwanese Society and the Xi Jinping Administration's Strategic Shift ---" by Yasuhiro Matsuda, Professor, The University of Tokyo
- June 2021, "China's Maritime Strategy and Responses of the United States and Japan" by Yoji Koda, Former Commander in Chief, Self Defense Fleet
- June 2021, "The South China Issues from the Perspective of the International Law Order",by Shigeki Sakamoto, Emeritus Professor, Kobe University
- May 2021, "Indonesian Views and Perceptions on National Security" by Nobuhiro Aizawa, Associate Professor, Kyushu University
- May, 2021, "The Philippine Foreign and Security Policy Perspective" written by Yusuke Takagi Associate Professor,National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies.
- May, 2021, "Vietnam's Security: Challenges and Responses" written by Tomotaka Shoji Head, Asia and Africa Division, Regional Studies Department, National Institute for Defense Studies
- March, 2021, "Can the Biden Administration Restore America as a Global Leader?" written by Matake Kamiya, Professor, the National Defense Academy of Japan.
- March, 2021, "The Biden Administration and Japan's Security Strategy" written by Hideshi Tokuchi, Senior Fellow, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies.
- February,2021, "US Foreign and Security Policy Direction Viewed from the Biden Administration's Lineup" written by Tsuneo Watanabe, Senior Fellow, Sasakawa Peace Foundation
- February,2021, "Trade Policies of the Biden Administration" written by Takaaki Asano, Senior Analyst, Sumitomo Corporation Global Research Co. Ltd.
- February,2021, "The Biden Administration's Policy toward Russia" written by Taisuke Abiru, Senior Fellow, Sasakawa Peace Foundation
- January,2021, "Will US Policy Toward China Change?" lectured by Ryo Sahashi, Associate Professor, the University of Tokyo
- January,2021, "How will China View the Biden Administration?" written by Bonji Ohara, Senior Fellow, Sasakawa Peace Foundation
- January,2021, "An Assessment of the 2020 US Presidential Election－American Democracy Now－" lectured by Fumiaki Kubo, Professor, the University of Tokyo
- January,2021, "Two Trumpian Mysteries－Why did Trump win over 70 million votes? Why is his outrageous behavior unchecked?－" lectured by Kazuhiro Maeshima, Professor, Sophia University
- September, 2020, "The Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic and Internationa Relationsl" by Matake Kamiya, Professor, National Defense Academy of Japan
- September, 2020, "The Policy Agenda for the Xi Jinping Administration- COVID-19 Countermeasures and China's International Relations -" by Shin Kawashima, Professor, The University of Tokyo
- "Control in the United States and International Relations" by Koji Murata, Professor, Doshisha University
- September, 2020, "The EU's Response to COVID-19 and International Relations" by Yuichi Hosoya, Professor, Keio University
- August, 2020, "The Corona Crisis Seen from a Macroeconomic Perspective" written by Motoshige Itoh, Professor Emeritus, The University of Tokyo
- August, 2020, "The Coronavirus Pandemic and Japan's Infectious Disease Control" written by Takashi Mihara, Senior Research Fellow, NLI Research Institute
- August, 2020, "Infectious Disease Crisis Control in Japan- Recommendations on an Exit Strategy -" written by Kazumasa Oguro, Professor, Hosei University
- August, 2020, "Security against Infectious Disease Threats --- Policy Responses Abroad" written by Takashi Sekiyama, Associate Professor, Kyoto University
- June 2020,"Transformation of the International Order in the Middle East--- Varying Degrees of "Stateness" and Three Directions of the New Order" written by Satoshi Ikeuchi, Professor, Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo
- June 2020,"Destabilization in the Middle East and its Impacts on Japan's Energy Security" written by Amane Kobayashi, Research Fellow, The Institute of Energy Economics
- May 2020: Urgent Recommendations "Toward a V-shaped Recovery after the Novel Coronavirus Pandemic "Coronavirus Testing for All" --- the First Step of the Next Phase"
- May 2020: "US Diplomacy toward Iran: Economic Sanctions as a Diplomatic Tool" Hiroki Sugita Columnist, Kyodo News
- "Russian Factors in the Middle East" Taisuke Abiru Senior Research Fellow, Sasakawa Peace Foundation
- "The SDF Dispatches to the Middle East --- History and Significance" Ippeita Nishida Senior Research Fellow, Sasakawa Peace Foundation
- March 2020, "Space and Security" Kazuto Suzuki Professor, Hokkaido University
- March 2020, "The US Security Space Policy --- With a Focus on the Establishment of Two Space Forces" Yasuhito Fukushima Chief Researcher, The National Institute for Defense Studies
- March 2020, "China's Recent Activities in Space and Cyberspace" Bonji Ohara Senior Research Fellow, Sasakawa Peace Foundation
- March 2020, "Environmental Security and Japan" Takashi Sekiyama Associate Professor, Kyoto University
- March 2020, "Changes in Global Environment and Security --- US Security Strategy" Hideshi Tokuchi Senior Fellow, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS)
- February 2020, "Cyberspace Security" Motohiro Tsuchiya Professor, Keio University
- February 2020, "Japan's Space and Cyberspace Policy" Yukinari Hirose Former President of the National Institute for Defense Studies
- December 2019, "The US-China Confrontation --- Where Will Hegemony Reside Next?" Akio Takahara Professor, the University of Tokyo
- December 2019, "Challenges Facing the Chinese Economy" Osamu Tanaka Chief Senior Researcher, Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO
- December 2019, "US Strategic Perception on China: Implications for US Allied Partners" Tsuneo Watanabe Senior Fellow, Sasakawa Peace Foundation
- November 2019, "The Xi Jinping Administration's View of the International Order– China's emphasis on United Nations diplomacy and liberal economic policies−" Shin Kawashima, Professor, the University of Tokyo
- November 2019, "The Future of China's Security Strategy" Hideshi Tokuchi, Senior Fellow, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies
- November 2019, "China --- Its Confidence and Anxiety" Bonji Ohara, Senior Research Fellow, Sasakawa Peace Foundation
- August 2019: Several Perspectives on the Korean Peninsula Issue--- The Deteriorating Japan-South Korea Relationship and the Uncertain Denuclearization of North Korea --- By Masahiro Akiyama Chairman, the SSDP
- July 2019, "An Outlook on the Denuclearization of North Korea--- What is the Stance of North Korea?---", Junya Nishino, Professor, Keio University
- July 2019, "An Outlook on the Denuclearization of North Korea --- How will the US move?", Narushige Michishita, Vice President, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies
- July 2019, "Discussion on Denuclearization of North Korea", SSDP Discussion Meeting on May 8, 2019
- May 2019: "Current Status and Prospects of South Korea and Japan's Frictions over History: How to address the Judicial Problems", Masao Okonogi, Professor Emeritus, Keio University
- May 2019: "South Korea and Japan's Frictions over History" (Comments), Junya Nishino, Professor, Keio University
- May 2019: Japan and South Korea Relationships (Question & Answer)
- March 2019: "The Present State and Prospects of the Indian Economy and Economic Policies" written by Koji Kobayashi, Senior Economist Mizuho Research Institute Ltd.
- March 2019: "The "Modi diplomacy" in the History of Indian diplomacy--- Departure from or maintenance of the traditional diplomacy? ---" written by Toru Ito, The National Defense Academy of Japan
- February 2019: Dynamics of Indian Politics and the 2019 General Elections, written by Chiharu Takenaka, Professor of Rikkyo University
- February 2019: "Cooperative Strategy" to Realize "Competitive Strategy"--- The composite structure of Japan's "Free and Open Indo-Pacific" strategy (vision) ---, written by Matake Kamiya, Professor at The National Defense Academy of Japan
- January 2019:, A paper, "How will the US midterm elections results affect the Trump administration's foreign policy for 2019?" written by Tsuneo Watanabe, Senior Fellow, the Sasakawa Peace Foundation
- January 2019:, A paper, "The Present and Future of the International Trade Order" , written by Akihiko Tamura, Professor, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies
- December 2018: The US-China Competition and Japan, written by Ryo Sahashi, Professor at Kanagawa University
- December 2018: An Outlook for the US-China Trade War―What makes the two economically interdependent superpowers confront each other?―, written by Takashi Sekiyama, Associate professor at Toyo University
- September 2018: Proposal, "The Denuclearization of North Korea and the Restoration of Peace in the Korean Peninsula― Correct Perceptions and Eight Proposals on Japan's North Korea Diplomacy－" edited by the Society of Security and Diplomatic Policy Studies
- September 2018: "The Taiwan Policy of the Xi Jinping Administration in its Second Term: An Outlook on Cross-Strait Relations in the New Era" written by Yasuhiro Matsuda, Professor of the Tokyo University
- July 2018: "The EU States and Russia on North Korea Issues- Expansion of Influence through Diplomacy: Attempts and Limitations -" lectured by Yuichi Hosoya, Professor of Keio University
- "An Assessment of the US-North Korea Summit and an Outlook for the Future of the Korean Peninsula" lectured by Junya Nishino, Professor of Keio University
- "Korean Peninsula Issue and Japan's Future Security Policy" written by Hideshi Tokuchi, Senior Fellow of National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies
- July 2018: "US North Korea policy affected by personnel changes in the Trump administration" lectured by Tsuneo Watanabe, Senior Fellow of the Sasakawa Peace Foundation.
- "China-North Korea relationship under Xi Jinping" lectured by Shin Kawashima, Professor of the Tokyo University.
- "North Korean Denuclearization and Russia" lectured by Nobuo Shimotomai, Professor of the Hosei University.
- March 2018: "The Network Hegemony Theory for a Security Architecture in The Asia Pacific Region" lectured by Masahiro Akiyama, Chairman, the Society of Security and Diplomatic Policy Studies
- January 2018: "A Destabilized Middle East" lectured by Koichiro Tanaka, Professor, Keio University
- December 2017: "Problems in Sino-Japanese Relations, 1992-2042" lectured by Ezra F. Vogel, Professor of the Social Sciences Emeritus at Harvard University
- November 2017: "The Future of the Asia-Pacific Region" written by Yoriko Kawaguchi, Fellow, the Meiji Institute for Global Affairs, Former Minister Foreign Affairs
- October 2017: "A New Trend in India's Foreign Policy and Japan" Written by HIROSE,Takako, Professor, Senshu University
- August 2017: "The Shocks that shook the Transatlantic World and their Implication for Japan's Foreign Policy" written by HOSOYA, Yuichi, Professor, Keio University
- August 2017: "Does Economic Interdependence not Encourage Collaboration? ―Thinking Japan-China Relations from an Economic Perspective―" written by Takashi SEKIYAMA, Ph.D., Toyo University
- July 2017: Proposal article "The Trump Administration's Impact on the Cross-Strait Relations" written by Yasuhiro Matsuda, Ph.D.
- June 2017: Proposal article "The outlook for the relationship between two great powers and implications for Japanese diplomacy" written by Professor Shin Kawashima
- May 2017: (Emergency Proposal) Facing the Inconvenient Truth: Re-examining Policy for Peace and Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula (Chief author, Masao Okonogi)
- March 2017: "Economic Influences of the Trump Administration" written by Professor Motoshige Ito
- February, 2017: Proposal article "Trump's Foreign and Security Policy - Unpredictable President, Realistic Secretaries - " written by Mr. Tsuneo Watanabe is posted on the website of SSDP.
- December, 2016: Proposal article "Reconsidering North Korea Policy: How to Deal with a Nuclear Armed Divided States" written by Professor Masao Okonogi is posted on the website of SSDP.
- March 2022, A remembrance seminar "Remembering Professor Ezra Vogel" held on January 17, 2022
- March 2021, Japan-ROK Parliamentary Dialogue -Japan-ROK Cooperation in the Era of US-China Competition- held on March 11, 2021
- December 2020: The report of the Japan-ROK Future Dialogue held on November 21 to discuss "Japan-ROK Cooperation in the Post-Covid-19 Era
- October 2020: "Responses to COVID-19 and Agendas for the Post-COVID-19 Era", A Brief Overview of the Japan-Korea Experts Dialogue held on July 29,30, 2020
- October 2020: "The China-Taiwan Confrontation over Corona Response and Taiwan's Security" written by Makoto Ogata, Former Chief of the Japan-Taiwan Exchange Association in Taipei
- May 2020: "Rivalries in the Middle East in New Security Dynamics", Written by Sayed Ghoneim, Major General (retired) of the Egyptian Armed Forces, Chairman, Institute for Global Security & Defence Affairs
- March 2020: The Japan-South Korea Relationship in a Cul-de-Sac--- Where is an Exit ? Masao Okonogi Professor Emeritus, Keio Universit
- December 2019: The Hong Kong Upheaval and the Future of Cross-Straits Relations－The 2019 Japan-Taiwan Strategic Dialogue Report OGATA, Makoto Former Chief of the Japan-Taiwan Exchange Association in Taipei
- August 2019: Report; 2019 FUTURE CONSENSUS DIALOGUE --Sustainable Prosperity and Future of Korea-U.S.-Japan Cooperation-- By Future Consensus Institute (Yeosijae)
- June 2019: Report on India – Japan Security Dialogue 2019 by Ms. Vindu Mai Chotani, Ph.D Student, The University of Tokyo
June 2019: Four papers on Japan-India Cooperation submitted to India-Japan Security Dialogue 2019
Japan's Rationale for a Free and Open Indo-Pacific Vision
Tsuneo Watanabe, Senior Fellow, The Sasakawa Peace Foundation
The Significance and Possibilities of India-Japan Cooperation in the Concept of the Indo-Pacific
Toru ITO Associate Professor, National Defense Academy of Japan
Japan-India Defense Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific Context - Operationalizing the Security Aspect of the Indo-Pacific Vision –
Hideshi Tokuchi, Senior Fellow, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS)
India-US-Japan Defense Cooperation: What's next?
Dr. Satoru Nagao, Hudson Institute
- Japan's Rationale for a Free and Open Indo-Pacific Vision
- November 2018: "The Present State of the Japanese Economy and Policy Issues" lectured by Motoshige Itoh, Professor Emeritus at the University of Tokyo.
- November 2018: "Expanding Social Security Expenses and Fiscal Reforms" lectured by Kazumasa Oguro, Professor at Hosei University.
- September 2018: "Taiwan Identity and Cross-Strait Relations and Trump's Taiwan Policy and the Future of Taiwan-US Relations-Discussion at The Second Japan-Taiwan Strategic Dialogue (June 21, 2018, Taipei)-" written by OGATA, Makoto
- September 2018: "Japan-Taiwan Dialogue 2018 Minutes", 21st June 2018, Taipei, Taiwan.
- July 2018: Report on The Second Japan – Philippines Strategic Dialogue prepared by Ms. Vindu Mai Chotani, Ph.D. Student, Graduate School of Public Policy, Tokyo University.
- May 2018: "Civilian Control "at Crisis"? – Perhaps Not, for the Case of the Field Sit-reps from SDF's South Sudan Mission" reported by Ippeita Nishida, Research Fellow, the Sasakawa Peace Foundation
- January 2018: "Fukushima, Genki？Project－Young Taiwanese volunteers introduce the facts on Fukushima's revival through documentary films－" reported by OGATA, Makoto, Former Chief of the Japan-Taiwan Exchange Association in Taipei
- December 2017: "Commemorating a Quarter Century of Dispatches of the JSDF's PKO Units: Challenges and Possibilities in the Post South Sudan" written by Takayuki Shoji, Lecturer, Nihon University
- November 2017: "19th CCP National Congress" written by Mr. Bonji Ohara, Senior Research Fellow, the Sasakawa Peace Fondation
- October 2017: "What is Japan's Role in the Indo-China border conflict?" written by Dr. NGAO,Satoru, Research Fellow, Institute for Future Engineering
- July 2017: "Overview of the Current Situation in Taiwan-" the Naturally Independent Generation" will affect the Taiwan"s politics-" written by Makoto Ogata MGE.(Ret.)
- June 2017: "Japan-U.S. Economic Dialogue" written by Mr.Takaaki Asano
- March 2017: "The Japan-Philippines Strategic Dialogue" written by Mr. Hideshi Tokuchi
- February, 2017: Current topic "The Importance of Japan's Security Role Under Trump" written by Dr. Satoru Nagao is posted on the SSDP website.
- December, 2016: Current topic "Widening Security Task: Will SDF do the Job?" written by Mr. Ippeita Nishida is posted on the SSDP website.
- March 2022, Research Jounal "Security Studies (vol 4 no 1)"-What is Economic Security?- was published.
- December 2021, Research Jounal "Security Studies (vol 3 no 4)"-Korean Peninsula Situation- was published.
- September 2021, A research journal "Security Studies vol03 no03" -Asia's Security II- (English edition)
- June 2021, A research journal "Security Studies vol03 no02" -Asia's Security I- (English edition)
- March 2021: Research journal "Security Studies (vol3 no1) "- US Foreign Policy in the Biden Administration / The 2020 US Presidential Election and American Democracy -(English edition)
- December 2020: A research journal "Security Studies (vol2 no4) "- Normalize Japan-South Korea Relations trough Dialogues -(English edition)
- September 2020: A research journal "Security Studies (vol2 no3) "-The Novel Coronavirus and Security-(English edition)
- July 2020: A research journal "Security Studies (vol2 no2) - Middle East Situation and Japan's Security - " (English edition) was published
- May 2020: A research journal "Security Studies (vol2 no1) - Cyber, Space, Environment and Security - " March 2020 (English edition)
- February 2020, "A research journal "Security Studies (vol1 no4) " (English edition)"
- September 2019: A research journal "Security Studies (vol1 no3) " (English edition)
- August 2019: Korea-Japan Joint Seminar: FUTURE CONSENSUS DIALOGUE
- April 2019: "Security Studies (vol1 no2) April 2019"
- March 2019: A research journal "Security Studies vol1 no01" just published
- February 2019: The Denuclearization of North Korea and the Takeshima Issue
- December 2018: Former Vice Defense Minister Masahiro Akiyama's Memoirs (An Ad)
- November 2018: Participation in the Future Consensus Forum held in Beijing
- September 2018: "2018 Indo-Pacific Security Dialogue" reported by Masahiro Akiyama
- 2017 December: "The Butterfly Project-A possibility of showing a solution to the North Korea problem-"
- October 2017: Campaign on the problems with North Korea
- August 2017: A New Containment Policy Strategy
- June 2017: Korean peninsla
- March 2017: President Duterte
- February, 2017: Kazakhstan
- November, 2016: Participated in Astana Club 2016 held in Kazakhstan on November 14- 16, 2016.