A New Containment Policy Strategy
President, Akiyama Associates
My article titled "A New Containment Policy Strategy" was recently published in a bimonthly magazine GAIKO (Diplomacy),July/August 2017. In this article I discussed problem on the Korean peninsula based on the emergency proposal that was announced in May by the Society of Security and Diplomatic Policy Studies.
Following is an outline of the article:
1 We need to realize two inconvenient truths.
One inconvenient truth is that in the short term we have no effective measures available to solve the North Korean nuclear missile development problem if military enforcement measures are not taken (must not be taken). A second inconvenient truth is that even if North Korea succeeded in nuclear armament and long-range missile development, such efforts will not guarantee the survival of the current North Korean regime. This inconvenient truth should be acknowledged by Kim Jong-un.
We must be prepared to take a long time perspective of about ten to twenty years to solve the problem.
2 For the time being, pressures on North Korea should be maintained.
We should strengthen economic sanctions on North Korea and secure their complete implementation. Political and military pressures should be also applied.
Adopting these measures means elimination of an appeasement policy for the time being as the policy might lead North Korea to misunderstand the situation.
3 A new containment policy should be introduced.
Our policy goal is (should be) not to use military force against North Korea. Instead, we should introduce a new containment policy in order to frustrate North Korea's strong will to hold nuclear weapons over a long span of time.
If North Korea, regardless of pressures, intends to continue nuclear tests and missile launches, the decision must be taken to redeploy tactical nuclear weapons in South Korea as a counter measure.
The US plans to strengthen its military capability and its operation against the North. South Korea is promoting the deployment of THAAD in its territory. Japan should reexamine its missile defense system (including a possibility of deploying THAAD in Japan) and seek a legal solution regarding attack operations on enemy bases.
These measures do not aim to defeat North Korea. Rather, they mean to have Kim Jong-un acknowledged a limit of the nuclear armament power he is seeking. If he recognizes the limits of its nuclear deterrent capabilities, North Korea will then explore the possibility of negotiations.
4 Japan's foreign policy on the North Korea problem is based on both pressure and dialogue. In this sense we should always seek to find a chance for dialogue with the North.
The North's obvious brinkmanship has carefully avoided military conflict, while urging the US to recognize the importance and inevitability of negotiations with North Korea. Without any dialogue or negotiation with the North, it would be impossible to even freeze the development of nuclear weapons and long-range missile. Japan, the US, and South Korea should uphold the joint statement of the fourth round of the six-party talks in September 2005, which agreed to the resumption of the six-party talks and to the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.
We should remember that this joint statement includes agreement on normalization of the US-North Korea and the Japan-North Korea relations.
5 Peaceful coexistence of the North and South followed by peaceful unification is an inevitable development for the solution.
As long as the Korean peninsula remains divided, and intense regime struggles, international isolation, and severe economic sanctions continue, the survival of the North Korean regime will never be guaranteed. Paradoxically, only when a long-lasting peaceful coexistence of two regimes is achieved, a peaceful unification of the two Koreas and the denuclearization of the North (the Korean Peninsula) might become a reality.
Looking back humbly on the past, we need to recognize that it was a big problem that neighboring nations were unable to realize detente on the Korean Peninsula after the end of the Cold War: the cross- recognition of the two Koreas by the four neighboring powers. This is one of the causes that brought about today's situation.
Now, Japan, one of the neighboring nations, should develop its diplomacy to help realize the return of North Korea to the international community and pave a road to a peaceful unification of the two Koreas.
6 Japan and South Korea should closely cooperate as they share strategic interests in this problem.
If the US resorts to military force against North Korea single-handedly or suddenly agrees to a US-North Korean summit talk, it will critically impact both Japan and South Korea. Thus Japan and South Korea certainly share strategic interests, consequently both countries must jointly prepare in peace time for possible warfare.
Only Japan can support South Korea's attempt to have dialogue with North Korea. This might make real the resumption of the Japan-North direct dialogue. In that case Japan should reconfirm the Japan-North Korea Pyongyang Declaration in 2002
Otherwise we cannot hope to find a solution to the abduction problem.
- September 2018: "The Taiwan Policy of the Xi Jinping Administration in its Second Term: An Outlook on Cross-Strait Relations in the New Era" written by Yasuhiro Matsuda, Professor of the Tokyo University
- July 2018: "The EU States and Russia on North Korea Issues- Expansion of Influence through Diplomacy: Attempts and Limitations -" lectured by Yuichi Hosoya, Professor of Keio University
- "An Assessment of the US-North Korea Summit and an Outlook for the Future of the Korean Peninsula" lectured by Junya Nishino, Professor of Keio University
- "Korean Peninsula Issue and Japan's Future Security Policy" written by Hideshi Tokuchi, Senior Fellow of National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies
- July 2018: "US North Korea policy affected by personnel changes in the Trump administration" lectured by Tsuneo Watanabe, Senior Fellow of the Sasakawa Peace Foundation.
- "China-North Korea relationship under Xi Jinping" lectured by Shin Kawashima, Professor of the Tokyo University.
- "North Korean Denuclearization and Russia" lectured by Nobuo Shimotomai, Professor of the Hosei University.
- March 2018: "The Network Hegemony Theory for a Security Architecture in The Asia Pacific Region" lectured by Masahiro Akiyama, Chairman, the Society of Security and Diplomatic Policy Studies
- January 2018: "A Destabilized Middle East" lectured by Koichiro Tanaka, Professor, Keio University
- December 2017: "Problems in Sino-Japanese Relations, 1992-2042" lectured by Ezra F. Vogel, Professor of the Social Sciences Emeritus at Harvard University
- November 2017: "The Future of the Asia-Pacific Region" written by Yoriko Kawaguchi, Fellow, the Meiji Institute for Global Affairs, Former Minister Foreign Affairs
- October 2017: "A New Trend in India's Foreign Policy and Japan" Written by HIROSE,Takako, Professor, Senshu University
- August 2017: "The Shocks that shook the Transatlantic World and their Implication for Japan's Foreign Policy" written by HOSOYA, Yuichi, Professor, Keio University
- August 2017: "Does Economic Interdependence not Encourage Collaboration? ―Thinking Japan-China Relations from an Economic Perspective―" written by Takashi SEKIYAMA, Ph.D., Toyo University
- July 2017: Proposal article "The Trump Administration's Impact on the Cross-Strait Relations" written by Yasuhiro Matsuda, Ph.D.
- June 2017: Proposal article "The outlook for the relationship between two great powers and implications for Japanese diplomacy" written by Professor Shin Kawashima
- May 2017: (Emergency Proposal) Facing the Inconvenient Truth: Re-examining Policy for Peace and Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula (Chief author, Masao Okonogi)
- March 2017: "Economic Influences of the Trump Administration" written by Professor Motoshige Ito
- February, 2017: Proposal article "Trump's Foreign and Security Policy - Unpredictable President, Realistic Secretaries - " written by Mr. Tsuneo Watanabe is posted on the website of SSDP.
- December, 2016: Proposal article "Reconsidering North Korea Policy: How to Deal with a Nuclear Armed Divided States" written by Professor Masao Okonogi is posted on the website of SSDP.
- September 2018: "Taiwan Identity and Cross-Strait Relations and Trump's Taiwan Policy and the Future of Taiwan-US Relations-Discussion at The Second Japan-Taiwan Strategic Dialogue (June 21, 2018, Taipei)-" written by OGATA, Makoto
- September 2018: "Japan-Taiwan Dialogue 2018 Minutes", 21st June 2018, Taipei, Taiwan.
- July 2018: Report on The Second Japan – Philippines Strategic Dialogue prepared by Ms. Vindu Mai Chotani, Ph.D. Student, Graduate School of Public Policy, Tokyo University.
- May 2018: "Civilian Control "at Crisis"? – Perhaps Not, for the Case of the Field Sit-reps from SDF's South Sudan Mission" reported by Ippeita Nishida, Research Fellow, the Sasakawa Peace Foundation
- January 2018: "Fukushima, Genki？Project－Young Taiwanese volunteers introduce the facts on Fukushima's revival through documentary films－" reported by OGATA, Makoto, Former Chief of the Japan-Taiwan Exchange Association in Taipei
- December 2017: "Commemorating a Quarter Century of Dispatches of the JSDF's PKO Units: Challenges and Possibilities in the Post South Sudan" written by Takayuki Shoji, Lecturer, Nihon University
- November 2017: "19th CCP National Congress" written by Mr. Bonji Ohara, Senior Research Fellow, the Sasakawa Peace Fondation
- October 2017: "What is Japan's Role in the Indo-China border conflict?" written by Dr. NGAO,Satoru, Research Fellow, Institute for Future Engineering
- July 2017: "Overview of the Current Situation in Taiwan-" the Naturally Independent Generation" will affect the Taiwan"s politics-" written by Makoto Ogata MGE.(Ret.)
- June 2017: "Japan-U.S. Economic Dialogue" written by Mr.Takaaki Asano
- March 2017: "The Japan-Philippines Strategic Dialogue" written by Mr. Hideshi Tokuchi
- February, 2017: Current topic "The Importance of Japan's Security Role Under Trump" written by Dr. Satoru Nagao is posted on the SSDP website.
- December, 2016: Current topic "Widening Security Task: Will SDF do the Job?" written by Mr. Ippeita Nishida is posted on the SSDP website.
- September 2018: "2018 Indo-Pacific Security Dialogue" reported by Masahiro Akiyama
- 2017 December: "The Butterfly Project-A possibility of showing a solution to the North Korea problem-"
- October 2017: Campaign on the problems with North Korea
- August 2017: A New Containment Policy Strategy
- June 2017: Korean peninsla
- March 2017: President Duterte
- February, 2017: Kazakhstan
- November, 2016: Participated in Astana Club 2016 held in Kazakhstan on November 14- 16, 2016.