The Taiwan Policy of the Xi Jinping Administration in its Second Term: An Outlook on Cross-Strait Relations in the "New Era"
Professor, The University of Tokyo
In an attempt to continue the stable relationship with the Chinese authorities that was realized in the Ma Ying-jeou administration, Taiwan's Tsai Ing-wen administration initially made efforts to reach some consensus with the administration of China's Xi Jinping --- consensus which was to represent the "central meaning" of "the 1992 consensus" regarding "One China." However, both sides' efforts at coordination ended in failure, and finally their official diplomatic relations were disrupted. As a result, they have plunged into a "new normal" --- an unprecedented situation free from excessive tensions in the past.
Beijing has regressed from its former flexible attitude and come to claim in a matter-of-fact manner that the Tsai administration should accept the 1992 consensus. The Tsai administration rejects this claim, and at the same time continues to cleverly refrain from any provocative action toward Beijing.
"Taiwan Identity and Cross-Strait Relations" and "Trump's Taiwan Policy and the Future of Taiwan-US Relations" -Discussion at The Second Japan-Taiwan Strategic Dialogue (June 21, 2018, Taipei)-
Former Chief of the Japan-Taiwan Exchange Association in Taipei
The Society of Security and Diplomatic Policy Studies (SSDP) and The Prospect Foundation held a Japan-Taiwan Strategic Dialogue in Taipei on June 21, 2018 --- a sequel to the same-titled conference held last year. The SSDP delegates took this occasion to visit to Taiwanese leading figures. Two years have elapsed since the inauguration of the Tsai Ing-wen administration, and President Tsai has passed the half-way mark of her first term. Public support for the administration is still stagnant, and the prospects for the betterment of cross-strait relations are not visible, while China is increasing its unconcealed pressure on Taiwan. On the other hand, the Tsai administration finds a hope in US-Taiwan relations comparatively rich in forward-looking topics. The focal topics of the recent bilateral dialogue were "Taiwan Identity and Cross-Strait Relations" and "Trump's Taiwan Policy and the Future of Taiwan-US Relations." The following is a recapitulation of discussions between the two sides.
Japan-Taiwan Dialogue 2018 Minutes
21st June 2018, Taipei, Taiwan.
The Prospect Foundation, Taiwan, in association with the Society of Security and Diplomatic Policy Studies (SSDP), Japan held the Japan-Taiwan Dialogue 2018. This dialogue was attended by prominent academics, and a number of government officials who deliberated and shared views in two key sessions –
- Taiwan identity and Cross-Strait Relations: Current Status, Challenges, and the Way forward.
- Trump's Taiwan Policy and the Future of Taiwan – U.S. Relations
Opening remarks were provided by Dr. Tan-Sun Chen, Chairman, The Prospect Foundation and Mr. Masahiro Akiyama, President, the Society of Security and Diplomatic Policy Studies.
2018 Indo-Pacific Security Dialogue
Director, Akiyama Associates
I participated in the 2018 Indo-Pacific Security Dialogue held in Taipei on August 30, 2018. The Prospect Foundation, Center for a New American Security and the Sasakawa Peace Foundation co-hosted the dialogue. In fact, Taiwan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs planned and hosted the dialogue as a Taiwan-US-Japan trilateral meeting that is held every year.
This 2018 Dialogue was held under the title "Promoting a Free and Open Indo-Pacific Region". In addition to the three countries mentioned above experts from India and Australia also participated this time.
Taiwan has previously not necessarily commited itself deeply to the Free and Open Indo-Pacific Strategy (FOIP) that Japan and the US have advocated, but this time Taiwan made clear its positive stance saying that Taiwan has much to contribute to the FOIP.
Society of Security and Diplomatic Policy Studies (SSDP)
China is rising and may become a regional hegemon in not-so- distant future. Ascending India and the resurgence of Russia also illustrate the fact that we face a rapid power transition in Asia. Against this backdrop, Japan, as a major regional power, and its security strategy and diplomatic policy will be put to the test. With this in mind, the Society of Security and Diplomatic Policy Studies (SSDP) was founded in October, 2016. The SSDP will also conduct public diplomacy through its research projects. Japanese foreign relations vis-à- vis the neighboring states are likely to mark a new chapter in the near future and therefore, our research endeavors and other activities will be consequential.
- The 11th SSDP discussion session was held on June 18 to discuss " North Korea's problem after the historical US-North Korea Summit Meeting ".
- The 10th SSDP discussion session was held on June 14 to discuss " North Korea's problem after the historical US-North Korea Summit Meeting".
- The 2nd Japan-Philippines Strategic Dialogue was held in Tokyo on March 10.
- The 9th SSDP discussion session was held on February 16 to discuss " The Network Hegemony Theory for a Security Architecture in The Asia Pacific Region ".
- The 8th SSDP discussion session was held on December18 to discuss "Destabilized Middle East".
- The 7th SSDP discussion session was held on October 9 to discuss "19th CCP National Congress".
- A special session was held on October 8 to hear a lecture on "Problems in Sino-Japanese Relations, 1992-2042"
- The 6th SSDP discussion session was held on September 28 to hear a lecture on the Future of the Asia-Pacific Region.
- A special session was held on September 19 to discuss a New Trend in India's Foreign Policy and Japan.
- The 5th SSDP discussion session was held on July 20 to discuss an economic interdependence and its action on politics
- A special session was held on June 30 to discuss The prospect of European politics and its implication on the Japan"s diplomatic policy
- The 4 th SSDP discussion session was held on May 31 to discuss the two great powers, the US and China, and the implication on Japan's diplomatic policy.
- The Japan-Taiwan Strategic Dialogue was held in Taipei on May 15 to discuss the Trump administration's influence on the region, in particular Taiwan.
- The Japan-Philippines Strategic Dialogue was held in Manila on January 31 to discuss the strategic environments for each country and the two countries' cooperation.
- The third SSDP discussion session was held on January 23, 2017 to discuss Abenomics and Trump.
- The second SSDP discussion session was held on December 7, 2016 to discuss Trump and his security policy.
- The first SSDP discussion session was held on October 14, 2016 to discuss the Korean Peninsula issues.
- Society of Security and Diplomatic Policy Studies (SSDP) was founded by AKIYAMA Associates (Masahiro Akiyama, president) in October, 2016.
- September 2018: "The Taiwan Policy of the Xi Jinping Administration in its Second Term: An Outlook on Cross-Strait Relations in the New Era" written by Yasuhiro Matsuda, Professor of the Tokyo University
- July 2018: "The EU States and Russia on North Korea Issues- Expansion of Influence through Diplomacy: Attempts and Limitations -" lectured by Yuichi Hosoya, Professor of Keio University
- "An Assessment of the US-North Korea Summit and an Outlook for the Future of the Korean Peninsula" lectured by Junya Nishino, Professor of Keio University
- "Korean Peninsula Issue and Japan's Future Security Policy" written by Hideshi Tokuchi, Senior Fellow of National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies
- July 2018: "US North Korea policy affected by personnel changes in the Trump administration" lectured by Tsuneo Watanabe, Senior Fellow of the Sasakawa Peace Foundation.
- "China-North Korea relationship under Xi Jinping" lectured by Shin Kawashima, Professor of the Tokyo University.
- "North Korean Denuclearization and Russia" lectured by Nobuo Shimotomai, Professor of the Hosei University.
- March 2018: "The Network Hegemony Theory for a Security Architecture in The Asia Pacific Region" lectured by Masahiro Akiyama, Chairman, the Society of Security and Diplomatic Policy Studies
- January 2018: "A Destabilized Middle East" lectured by Koichiro Tanaka, Professor, Keio University
- December 2017: "Problems in Sino-Japanese Relations, 1992-2042" lectured by Ezra F. Vogel, Professor of the Social Sciences Emeritus at Harvard University
- November 2017: "The Future of the Asia-Pacific Region" written by Yoriko Kawaguchi, Fellow, the Meiji Institute for Global Affairs, Former Minister Foreign Affairs
- October 2017: "A New Trend in India's Foreign Policy and Japan" Written by HIROSE,Takako, Professor, Senshu University
- August 2017: "The Shocks that shook the Transatlantic World and their Implication for Japan's Foreign Policy" written by HOSOYA, Yuichi, Professor, Keio University
- August 2017: "Does Economic Interdependence not Encourage Collaboration? ―Thinking Japan-China Relations from an Economic Perspective―" written by Takashi SEKIYAMA, Ph.D., Toyo University
- July 2017: Proposal article "The Trump Administration's Impact on the Cross-Strait Relations" written by Yasuhiro Matsuda, Ph.D.
- June 2017: Proposal article "The outlook for the relationship between two great powers and implications for Japanese diplomacy" written by Professor Shin Kawashima
- May 2017: (Emergency Proposal) Facing the Inconvenient Truth: Re-examining Policy for Peace and Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula (Chief author, Masao Okonogi)
- March 2017: "Economic Influences of the Trump Administration" written by Professor Motoshige Ito
- February, 2017: Proposal article "Trump's Foreign and Security Policy - Unpredictable President, Realistic Secretaries - " written by Mr. Tsuneo Watanabe is posted on the website of SSDP.
- December, 2016: Proposal article "Reconsidering North Korea Policy: How to Deal with a Nuclear Armed Divided States" written by Professor Masao Okonogi is posted on the website of SSDP.
- September 2018: "Taiwan Identity and Cross-Strait Relations and Trump's Taiwan Policy and the Future of Taiwan-US Relations-Discussion at The Second Japan-Taiwan Strategic Dialogue (June 21, 2018, Taipei)-" written by OGATA, Makoto
- September 2018: "Japan-Taiwan Dialogue 2018 Minutes", 21st June 2018, Taipei, Taiwan.
- July 2018: Report on The Second Japan – Philippines Strategic Dialogue prepared by Ms. Vindu Mai Chotani, Ph.D. Student, Graduate School of Public Policy, Tokyo University.
- May 2018: "Civilian Control "at Crisis"? – Perhaps Not, for the Case of the Field Sit-reps from SDF's South Sudan Mission" reported by Ippeita Nishida, Research Fellow, the Sasakawa Peace Foundation
- January 2018: "Fukushima, Genki？Project－Young Taiwanese volunteers introduce the facts on Fukushima's revival through documentary films－" reported by OGATA, Makoto, Former Chief of the Japan-Taiwan Exchange Association in Taipei
- December 2017: "Commemorating a Quarter Century of Dispatches of the JSDF's PKO Units: Challenges and Possibilities in the Post South Sudan" written by Takayuki Shoji, Lecturer, Nihon University
- November 2017: "19th CCP National Congress" written by Mr. Bonji Ohara, Senior Research Fellow, the Sasakawa Peace Fondation
- October 2017: "What is Japan's Role in the Indo-China border conflict?" written by Dr. NGAO,Satoru, Research Fellow, Institute for Future Engineering
- July 2017: "Overview of the Current Situation in Taiwan-" the Naturally Independent Generation" will affect the Taiwan"s politics-" written by Makoto Ogata MGE.(Ret.)
- June 2017: "Japan-U.S. Economic Dialogue" written by Mr.Takaaki Asano
- March 2017: "The Japan-Philippines Strategic Dialogue" written by Mr. Hideshi Tokuchi
- February, 2017: Current topic "The Importance of Japan's Security Role Under Trump" written by Dr. Satoru Nagao is posted on the SSDP website.
- December, 2016: Current topic "Widening Security Task: Will SDF do the Job?" written by Mr. Ippeita Nishida is posted on the SSDP website.
- September 2018: "2018 Indo-Pacific Security Dialogue" reported by Masahiro Akiyama
- 2017 December: "The Butterfly Project-A possibility of showing a solution to the North Korea problem-"
- October 2017: Campaign on the problems with North Korea
- August 2017: A New Containment Policy Strategy
- June 2017: Korean peninsla
- March 2017: President Duterte
- February, 2017: Kazakhstan
- November, 2016: Participated in Astana Club 2016 held in Kazakhstan on November 14- 16, 2016.